A collateral ligament injury is a tear to the ligament that supports the knee joint. This type of injury usually occurs when the knee is bent and twisted, and it causes pain, swelling and popping or clicking in the joint.
The MCL (medial collateral ligament) and LCL (lateral collateral ligament) are the most common collateral ligaments to be injured. These ligaments help stabilize your knee joint and prevent it from further damage if you twist it or bend it too far backwards.
The knee joint is connected by four ligaments, two inside and two outside. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) runs along the inside of the knee, connecting your thigh bone to your shin bone. The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) runs along the outside of your knee, connecting your thigh bone to your shin bone. These are called “collateral” because they run parallel to each other in opposite directions on either side of the joint.
When these ligaments become stretched or torn, it’s called an MCL or LCL tear respectively. This can happen during sports activities like basketball or skiing when you twist too hard, fall awkwardly onto one leg, or land on another player’s foot while running at full speed down court!
Collateral ligament injuries are common in the ankle and involve ruptures or tears of the ligaments that support the ankle. They can be partial or complete, and they are often accompanied by other injuries such as a fracture.
A partial tear occurs when only some of the fibers in a ligament have been damaged. This type of injury is often treated with rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE) to reduce swelling and pain. If you suspect that you have injured your collateral ligaments, it’s important to visit an orthopedic surgeon for further evaluation and treatment options.
A complete tear means that all of the fibers in one or more of your ligaments have been torn apart. This type of injury requires surgery to repair your damaged ligaments and restore stability to your joints.
The most common cause of collateral ligament injury is a direct blow to the knee, which can cause one or more of the ligaments to stretch or tear. Collateral ligament injuries are usually caused by trauma and are more common in contact sports, such as football. They can also result from repeated motions that stress the knee, such as running or jumping.
Collateral ligament injuries often occur when an athlete changes direction while running, causing their knee to twist inward and the foot to turn outward. This causes extreme stress on the lateral collateral ligaments, which can cause them to stretch or tear.
The symptoms of a collateral ligament injury include:
-Pain on the outside or inner side of your knee whenever you try to bend or straighten your leg
-Swelling, bruising or discoloration around your knee joint
-Tenderness when pressing on the outside of your knee with your fingers
Collateral ligament injury is a common sports injury that can be prevented with the right training and conditioning. Here are some tips:
1. Warm up before your workout, and cool down afterward.
2. Stretch the area before you do any activity that involves the affected joint, such as running or throwing a football.
3. Use proper technique when playing your sport to avoid unnecessary stress on the affected joint, like keeping your knee bent when you run or jumping up high for a basketball rebound.
4. If you are experiencing pain in your knee or other joints after playing a sport, rest for 48 hours before attempting to play again—even if it seems like nothing happened (like when you get a bruise on your shin from kicking a ball).
Treatment options for a collateral ligament injury include:
-Resting the knee to allow for healing. This may mean taking time off from activities that put strain on the joint, such as running or cycling. You may also need to limit other activities that put stress on your knees, such as squats and lunges.
-Wearing an elastic bandage around the injured knee can help reduce swelling and provide some support for the joint.
-Taking anti-inflammatory medication may reduce pain and swelling while also allowing you to exercise without causing further damage to your joint.
The most common types of braces used for collateral ligament injury are knee sleeves, wraps and hinged knee braces.
Knee sleeves are tight-fitting sleeves that go around the knee to support it and help reduce pain. They are usually made from neoprene or some other type of fabric that is breathable and durable. They can be worn under clothing or alone.
Knee wraps are similar to knee sleeves but offer more support for those who need extra support for their knees after an injury or surgery. They also come in different sizes so you can choose one that fits snugly around your knee without being too tight or too loose.
Hinged knee braces provide compression while they protect against further damage caused by inflammation due to overextending your knees while running/walking/playing sports etc. Hinged braces are designed specifically for athletes who want a more lightweight option than traditional metal hinges which tend to be heavy and bulky on their own (not recommended if you want something lightweight).