Vertebral Metastases

Vertebral Metastases

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Vertebral Metastases

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What is Vertebral Metastases?

Vertebral metastases are tumors that develop in the bones of the spine.

Most vertebral metastases form from cancers that started somewhere else in the body. The cancer cells travel through the bloodstream and lodge in the bones of your spine, where they grow into a tumor.

Vertebral metastases can be caused by many different types of cancers, including breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer and other cancers that start outside of your bone marrow (like melanoma).

What are the types of Vertebral Metastases?

Vertebral metastases are tumors that develop from cancer cells that spread from an organ or tissue in the body to the spine. This can happen when cancer cells move through the lymphatic system, blood vessels and/or connective tissues.

There are four main types of vertebral metastasis: cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral.

  • Cervical metastases occur in the neck area;
  • Thoracic metastases occur in the chest area;
  • Lumbar metastases occur in the lower back;
  • Sacral metastases occur at the bottom of the spine

Cervical Metastases

Cervical metastases occur in the neck and can impact breathing and swallowing. Cervical vertebral metastases occur in the neck region of the spine, near your skull. This type of cancer is often caused by lung cancer spreading to your bones.

Thoracic Metastases

Thoracic metastases affect the chest area, causing chest pain, coughing and shortness of breath. Thoracic vertebral metastases occur in your upper back and chest area, near your heart. This type of cancer is often caused by breast cancer spreading to your bones.

Lumbar Metastases

Lumbar metastases impact the lower back area, causing back pain and numbness/tingling in arms or legs. Lumbar vertebral metastases occur in your lower back region and pelvis area (where a person’s legs meet). This type of cancer is often caused by prostate cancer spreading to your bones.

Sacral Metastases

Sacral metastases affect how you walk and sit down, as well as bladder control problems (loss of bladder control). Sacral vertebral metastases occur at the base of your spine. This can happen if ovarian cancer spreads to this area of your body.

What are the symptoms of Vertebral Metastases?

Vertebral metastases are a type of cancer that occurs when cancer cells spread from the original tumor site to the spine. It is more common in people who have had breast, prostate, lung, or colon cancer.

Symptoms can vary depending on where the cancer is located in your spine, but may include:

  • Back pain (may be worse at night)
  • Stiffness or weakness in your back or legs
  • Pain that travels down one or both legs
  • Numbness or tingling in one or both legs
  • Unusual bowel movements such as constipation or diarrhea

What are the causes of Vertebral Metastases?

The most common causes of Vertebral Metastases are:

  • Cancerous cells spreading from other parts of the body to the spine
  • Bone changes that occur with aging, such as osteoporosis or bone spurs
  • Lack of blood flow to the vertebrae
  • Injury to the spine
  • Genetic disorders

What are the risk factors for Vertebral Metastases?

The risk factors for Vertebral Metastases include:

  • Old age (people over 60 years old are more likely to develop this condition)
  • History of malignancy (cancer) or other conditions that can cause cancer such as exposure to asbestos or radiation therapy
  • Inherited disorders such as an abnormality in the genes responsible for breaking down alcohol, which can lead to an increased risk of developing certain types of cancer

How to prevent Vertebral Metastases?

Vertebral metastases are a common occurrence and can be treated, but they can also lead to serious health problems.

Here are some ways to reduce your risk of vertebral metastases:

  1. Get regular screenings for cancer and other diseases that can cause vertebral metastases.
  2. Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
  3. Maintain a healthy weight by eating well and exercising regularly.

What is the physical therapy for Vertebral Metastases?

Vertebral metastases are another type of cancer that can occur in the spine, and they can be particularly difficult to treat.

Physical therapy is often used to help manage pain and improve function in patients with vertebral metastases. The physical therapist will work with you to develop a treatment plan that is customized for your needs, and will help you understand how to use your treatments at home. This can include exercises to strengthen your back muscles, stretching exercises, and other therapies such as heat or cold applications for painful areas.

The goal of physical therapy for vertebral metastases is not just to reduce pain but also improve flexibility and strength in order for you to regain strength, balance and coordination so that you can return to normal activities such as walking or driving safely.

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What are the treatments for Vertebral Metastases?

In the case of vertebral metastases, there are three main options for treatment: surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.

Surgery is a common option for treating vertebral metastases, though it is not always successful in eradicating the cancer. If the surgeon is able to remove all or most of the tumor, he or she may be able to detect any remaining cancer cells through an MRI scan.

Radiation therapy is another option for treating vertebral metastases. It uses high-energy beams to destroy cancer cells and shrink tumors. This type of treatment may be used alone or alongside other treatments such as surgery or chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy uses drugs that kill cancer cells and shrink tumors by stopping their growth or by damaging their DNA so they die off without spreading further throughout the body. This treatment can also be used alone or alongside other treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy.

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