Varus Knee

Varus Knee

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Varus Knee

Knee

What is Varus Knee?

Varus knee, also known as genu varum, is a condition that causes the knee to be out of alignment. This can cause pain and other symptoms, such as locking or clicking during movement. Varus knee is a deformity of the knee in which the lower part of the leg has an outward tilt or slope.

Varus knees are typically caused by flat feet and tight calf muscles, which cause the foot to rotate inward while walking. This rotation creates a “toe-in” appearance and causes the knee to bend inward as a result.

What are the types of Varus Knee?

Varus deformity can either be intra-articular or extra-articular.

Intra-articular Varus Knee Deformity

This type of varus deformity is caused by disease or injury to the articular surface of the knee. It results in an outward displacement of the patella and can be a result of osteoarthritis or post-traumatic arthritis.

Extra-articular Varus Knee Deformity

This type of varus deformity is caused by an abnormality in the soft tissues surrounding the knee joint, rather than in the articular surfaces themselves. These abnormalities are usually congenital but can also be acquired later in life through injury, arthritis or other conditions that affect the connective tissue surrounding your knee joint.

How to diagnose Varus Knee?

Varus knees are characterized by an inwardly rotated knee joint, which can lead to pain and discomfort.

Varus knees are often observed in children who have not yet reached skeletal maturity, but they can also occur in adults who have developed the condition through overuse, injury or other causes.

To diagnose a varus knee, your doctor will examine your lower leg and knee as well as perform a physical exam. Your doctor will look for signs that your knee is rotated inward, including any visible misalignment of the bones in your legs (such as an outwardly rotated tibia) or misalignment of your kneecap (patella).

Your doctor may also check for muscle weakness around your knee joint by having you bend and straighten it several times or press against the back of your leg with his fingers.

If your doctor suspects that you have a varus knee, he may order X-rays or MRI scans to confirm his diagnosis and determine how severe it is.

What are the symptoms of Varus Knee?

Varus knee refers to a condition in which the knee is bent inward. Varus knees are commonly associated with other issues, such as excessive pronation and/or supination.

The following are some common symptoms of varus knee:

  • Pain in the lower portion of the leg
  • Pain in the front of the lower leg (anterior aspect)
  • Knee pain while walking or running, but not after sitting or standing for long periods of time

What are the causes of Varus Knee?

Varus Knee is caused by an abnormality in the knee joint. This is common in people who have had previous knee injuries, or those who have a history of ligament damage.

Varus knee can also be caused by conditions like:

  • Pes Planus (flat feet)
  • Pes Cavus (high arched feet)
  • Anatomical abnormalities
  • Pelvic abnormalities like hip dysplasia
  • Genetics
  • Medical conditions such as arthritis or a torn ligament
  • An injury to the knee from falling or twisting it

What are the risk factors for Varus Knee?

Varus knee is a common problem in which the knee joint is misaligned. It can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, lifestyle choices, and injuries.

Risk factors for varus knee include:

Genetics

Varus knees are often inherited from one or both parents. If you have a family history of varus knees, you may be at greater risk for developing them yourself.

Age

Varus knees are most common in children and adolescents, but they may also occur at any age as the result of an injury or other event that causes inflammation to the knee joint.

Sex

Varus knees are more common in females than males.

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the exercises for Varus Knee?

If you have varus knee, the movement of your shin will be more inward than outward when you bend your knee.

Often, Varus Knee can be treated with exercises to strengthen the muscles around your knee and improve flexibility in your hip.

Here are some exercises that can help:

External Hip Rotation

This exercise helps strengthen the muscles around your hip while also improving balance and stability.

Stand with feet shoulder-width apart and knees slightly bent. Rotate hips outward while keeping your torso facing forward. Repeat 10 times on each side.

Internal Hip Rotation

This exercise also helps strengthen the muscles around your hip while also improving balance and stability.

Stand with feet shoulder-width apart and knees slightly bent. Rotate hips inward while keeping your torso facing forward. Repeat 10 times on each side.

Sitting Stretch

This stretch is beneficial for anyone with any kind of knee pain because it stretches out the quadriceps muscles and prevents them from tightening up during sitting (which happens often).

Sit on floor with left leg extended in front of you, right leg extended behind you; place hands on floor for support (or use a chair). Slowly lower chest toward floor until stretch is felt along inner thigh of left leg; hold for 15 seconds then switch sides for another 15 seconds per side.

What are the treatments for Varus Knee?

There are several treatments for varus knees, including:

  • Physical therapy – this helps you regain strength in your legs and improves flexibility
  • Surgery – if physical therapy isn’t enough to relieve pain, surgery may be an option. It involves removing damaged cartilage from the knee joint, then repairing it with artificial material (such as cadaver tissue). This allows for more movement within the joint and reduces pain.
  • Braces – these can help keep your knee from bending too far inward, but they should only be used for short periods of time because they restrict movement and can cause discomfort over time.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What brace is used for Varus Knee?

The best brace for Varus Knee is the Valgus Unloader Brace. It is designed to reduce your knee valgus, which is a condition in which the knees turn outward. This can cause pain and injury to the cartilage and ligaments of your knee joint.

The Valgus Unloader Brace is made from rigid plastic and has a tightening mechanism that allows you to adjust it for a perfect fit. It also comes with a removable soft pad that protects you from chafing during exercise or daily activities.

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