Thumb Arthritis

Thumb Arthritis

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Thumb Arthritis

Hand

What is Thumb Arthritis?

Thumb arthritis, also known as De Quervain’s disease, is a common condition where your thumb gets inflamed. This can make it painful to use your thumb, and it may even make it hard to move your hand. It’s usually caused by too much stress on the tendon that goes from your wrist to your thumb.

The most common cause of thumb arthritis is overuse. This can include activities like sports or playing an instrument that require you to use your fingers and thumbs repetitively. Other causes include injury or trauma to the joint, such as when falling on an outstretched hand or using the thumb to open a door forcefully.

What are the forms of Thumb Arthritis?

There are three forms of thumb arthritis:

  • Deformity of the thumb joint. This is the most common type of thumb arthritis.
  • Pain in the thumb joint. This type of thumb arthritis can occur in people with diabetes or those who have had too much steroid medication for other conditions.
  • Pain that spreads to other parts of the hand or wrist. This type of thumb arthritis can occur when osteoarthritis spreads from another part of the body.

What are the causes of Thumb Arthritis?

The main cause of thumb arthritis is overuse. The thumb is used to move the fingers and grasp items, so it’s constantly moving and being stressed. This can cause inflammation in the joint, which leads to pain and stiffness.

Other causes include:

  • Injury to the joint, such as when you hit your thumb with a hammer or fall on it
  • Repetitive motion injuries like carpal tunnel syndrome, which occurs when you’re working at a computer for long periods of time; this causes inflammation in the nerves that run through your wrist and hand
  • Age-related changes in tissue elasticity and bone strength

What are the symptoms of Thumb Arthritis?

Thumb arthritis is a painful condition that can cause your thumb to become stiff, swollen, red and/or warm. The pain may be in the base of the thumb or near the base of the wrist, and it may feel like stiffness or tenderness.

Thumb arthritis usually affects people over age 50, but it can also occur in younger adults. It’s more common in women than men.

Symptoms include:

  • Pain in the base of your thumb (the palm side), which may radiate into your forearm
  • Stiffness when you move your thumb
  • Tenderness when you press on a bony part of your hand, such as the wrist bone or metacarpals
  • Swelling around the joint between your thumb and another finger

What are the risk factors for Thumb Arthritis?

Thumb arthritis is a condition that occurs when the small joints in your thumb become inflamed, causing pain and stiffness. The most common cause of thumb arthritis is osteoarthritis. Other risk factors include:

Age – You’re at a higher risk of developing thumb arthritis as you age. It’s common to have joint pain or stiffness as you get older, but it’s important to know the difference between normal aging and an actual medical condition.

Joint Trauma – Your risk of developing thumb arthritis may increase if you’ve experienced joint trauma or injury in the past, especially if you’ve injured your thumb multiple times over time.

Genetics – Some people are more predisposed than others to developing arthritis because of their genetic makeup.

Recommended Exercise

Hand

What are the exercises for Thumb Arthritis?

The exercises for thumb arthritis are designed to strengthen your hand and wrist muscles, which will help your wrist move more easily. The exercises also help keep your hands flexible, which helps prevent further injury.

Do these exercises three times a day:

  1. Make a fist with both hands and squeeze tightly for five seconds. Open your hands and stretch out all of your fingers (make sure you don’t pull on them). Close your hands again and repeat this process five times.
  2. While seated in an upright position, gently hold your right hand out with palm facing up at shoulder level (keep your elbow straight). Try to bend only at the wrist towards yourself—don’t let any other part of your arm move! Hold this position for five seconds before returning to the starting position; repeat 10 times total with each hand (five times per hand).

What are the treatments for Thumb Arthritis?

There are a number of treatments for thumb arthritis. They can include:

  • Resting the joint and avoiding activities that cause pain.
  • Wearing a brace to reduce stress on the joint.
  • Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin or ibuprofen, to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Using heat or cold packs on the joint.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Hand

What brace is used for Thumb Arthritis?

There are several braces that can help manage thumb arthritis symptoms, including:

  • A wrist brace with a thumb spica (a padded strap that wraps around your thumb) to stabilize the joint and reduce stress on it.
  • 1A thumb spica brace (a padded strap with a rigid splint at its base) to immobilize the joint and relieve pressure on inflamed tissue.

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