Thrombosis

Thrombosis

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Thrombosis

Leg

What is Thrombosis?

Thrombosis is a medical condition where blood clots form in one or more blood vessels. These blood clots may cause symptoms, such as pain and swelling in the affected area, or they may be found during a routine medical examination.

A blood clot that blocks an artery is called an arterial thrombosis. A clot that blocks a vein is called a venous thromboembolism.

Blood clots can also form in the heart (cardiac infarction) or brain (stroke). If these clots travel to the lungs, they are called pulmonary embolism.

Thrombotic events are usually caused by underlying conditions such as atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), high blood pressure (hypertension), and heart disease.

What are the types of Thrombosis?

The types of thrombosis include:

Venous thrombosis

This is a blood clot in the veins, usually in the legs. It can be caused by an injury or surgery.

Arterial thrombosis

This type of blood clot occurs in arteries, which carry blood to the heart and brain. It can cause a heart attack or stroke if it occurs in an artery that supplies either of these vital organs.

What are the causes of Thrombosis?

There are a number of causes of thrombosis. The most common cause is a blood clot that forms in a vein, which can travel to the lungs and cause pulmonary embolism.

Other causes include:

  • Stasis of blood flow in a vessel, which can result in a blood clot forming
  • A genetic predisposition to developing clots
  • Certain medications or medical conditions, such as cancer or heart failure
  • Viruses
  • Bacteria
  • Drugs, particularly anticoagulants such as warfarin or heparin
  • Infection with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Genetic factors, including obesity and an increased risk of blood clots in pregnancy
  • Pregnancy and childbirth, especially if the mother had a blood clot before pregnancy or during the delivery process

What are the symptoms of Thrombosis?

The symptoms of thrombosis can vary depending on where the blood clot is located.

Symptoms may include:

  • Pain in the calf, thigh, or hip area
  • Redness or swelling at the site of the blood clot
  • Tenderness in the leg muscles
  • Sensation of fullness in one leg, ankle, or foot
  • Pain, tenderness or swelling in the affected area of your body
  • Discoloration of the skin in the affected area (for example, redness or bluish discoloration)
  • A bruise on the affected area of your body
  • A feeling of heaviness in your leg and foot when you walk

What are the risk factors for Thrombosis?

There are a number of risk factors for thrombosis. The most common risk factors include:

Age – The older you are, the more likely you are to develop a blood clot.

Obesity – This can increase your chances of developing a blood clot by up to 30%.

Smoking – Smoking increases your risk by 10%.

Injury to the leg or thigh – This increases the likelihood of developing a blood clot in that area by almost 200%.

Pregnancy or taking birth control pills – These medications increase your risk by nearly 50%.

Recommended Exercise

Leg

What are the exercises for Thrombosis?

If you have thrombosis, you should be doing these exercises:

Walking

Walking is an excellent exercise for people with thrombosis because it helps to prevent blood clots from forming. Walking also helps to improve circulation and strengthen muscles.

Swimming

Swimming is another great exercise because it helps to improve circulation and strengthen muscles, which can reduce the risk of suffering from blood clots in the future.

Tai Chi

Tai chi uses a series of slow-moving movements that help to improve balance and flexibility while strengthening muscles and joints. This type of exercise is especially useful for people who have limited mobility due to their symptoms or medical conditions such as arthritis.

What are the treatments for Thrombosis?

There are several different treatments available for thrombosis, including:

Anticoagulants

Anticoagulants are often prescribed to patients who have had a blood clot in order to prevent further clots. They can be taken orally or by injection.

The most common anticoagulant is warfarin, which works by preventing the formation of blood clots by blocking the action of vitamin K and its role in helping blood clot normally.

Warfarin can be dangerous if levels are too high or too low, so patients must be monitored closely while taking this medication. Other anticoagulants include heparin, enoxaparin (Lovenox), and aspirin.

Thrombolytics

Thrombolytics are medications that dissolve existing clots. These drugs may be given intravenously or through an injection into the thigh or upper arm muscles.

They include alteplase (Activase), reteplase (Retavase), streptokinase (Streptase), and urokinase.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Leg

What brace is used for Thrombosis?

There are many different kinds of compression devices that can be used to treat thrombotic conditions. The most common is called an intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) device. This device uses a pump to inflate and deflate your ankle, which helps to keep blood flowing through your legs.

Another type of compression device is called a stocking pump. This type of device is used in addition to other treatments, like oral anticoagulants or antiplatelet medications.

A stocking pump is an elastic band that fits around your calf and ankles, with an attached pump that you activate manually by squeezing and releasing the bulb. The elastic band squeezes the muscles around your leg, which helps increase circulation in the area and reduces swelling.

Related Device/Equipment

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

$ 280.00

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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