Stasis Dermatitis

Stasis Dermatitis

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Stasis Dermatitis

Leg

What is Stasis Dermatitis?

Stasis dermatitis is a skin condition that can affect anyone, but it’s most common in people living with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). If you’re suffering from stasis dermatitis, you might notice a red rash on your lower legs and ankles. The rash is typically itchy, dry, and scaly.

If you have CVI, the blood flow in your legs is compromised, which can cause fluid to build up in the veins of your legs. This fluid causes the skin to become swollen and irritated.

What are the types of Stasis Dermatitis?

There are three types of stasis dermatitis:

Varicose Veins

This condition is caused by varicose veins, or swollen and twisted veins that can cause blood to pool in the lower legs and feet, causing inflammation. This inflammation leads to the skin lesions and swelling that characterize the condition.

Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is when the valves in your veins don’t close properly, so blood pools in your legs instead of returning to your heart. This pooling causes increased pressure on the skin and can lead to swelling and irritation, which may then lead to stasis dermatitis.

Blood Clots

Blood clots can also lead to stasis dermatitis if they occur in your veins and block off circulation of blood back up into your body (called deep venous thrombosis).

What are the causes of Stasis Dermatitis?

Stasis dermatitis is caused by blood that pools in the lower extremities and can’t get back to the heart. This causes inflammation and irritation in the skin, which is what we see as stasis dermatitis.

The most common cause of this condition is varicose veins, but it can also be caused by other conditions such as obesity, pregnancy, chronic kidney disease or liver failure.

Other causes include:

  • Poorly controlled diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart failure
  • Obesity
  • Stroke

What are the symptoms of Stasis Dermatitis?

The most common symptom of stasis dermatitis is itching. Other symptoms include:

  • Redness or inflammation on the skin near your ankle or foot
  • Skin discoloration (such as redness) around your ankles or feet
  • Painful blisters on your skin near your ankle or foot

What are the risk factors for Stasis Dermatitis?

The risk factors for Stasis Dermatitis include:

  • Sitting or standing for long periods of time
  • Having varicose veins, which are visible under the skin
  • Being overweight or obese, which causes blood to pool in your legs and feet
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure

Recommended Exercise

Leg

What are the exercises for Stasis Dermatitis?

There are three main types of exercise that you can do to treat stasis dermatitis:

Walking

The most common and effective form of aerobic exercise is walking. It allows you to burn calories while getting the blood flowing to your skin, which helps it heal more quickly.

You should try to walk at least 30 minutes per day, but if you can’t do that right away, just start with five minutes and work up from there as you build up endurance.

Stretching

Stretching helps improve circulation in the body and encourages blood flow to the skin. It’s especially helpful for treating stasis dermatitis because it reduces swelling and inflammation around the affected area in your leg or foot.

You should stretch for 10 minutes every morning before getting out of bed and again at night before going to bed. You should also stretch after any activity that causes swelling or inflammation in your legs or feet (such as standing for long periods of time).

Massaging/applying creams/oils

Applying creams or oils regularly will help keep your skin moisturized so that it doesn’t dry out and become irritated when it comes into contact with clothing or sheets.

What are the treatments for Stasis Dermatitis?

There are several treatment options for stasis dermatitis, including:

Moisturizers

Moisturizing lotions and creams help prevent the skin from drying out and cracking. They also prevent the formation of new scabs and cracks.

Antibiotic ointments

Antibiotics may be used to help reduce inflammation and prevent infection in cases where there is a secondary bacterial infection.

Steroid creams

Steroids can be used to reduce inflammation and help the healing process, but should only be used as directed by your doctor because they can cause serious side effects if not used properly.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Leg

What are the complications of Stasis Dermatitis?

The complications of stasis dermatitis are:

  1. Increased risk of infection due to the breakdown of skin barriers and the formation of crusts.
  2. Skin ulceration, which may lead to tissue loss and scarring.
  3. Skin breakdown that can occur when damaged skin is exposed to shear forces (e.g., wearing tight clothing).

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