Spasticity

Spasticity

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Spasticity

General Condition

What is Spasticity?

Spasticity is a condition that causes your limbs to be stiff, weak, or both. The stiffness and weakness can make it difficult to move your arms and legs. This can make it hard to do things like walk or hold objects.

Spasticity is most common in people who have cerebral palsy (CP), spinal cord injury (SCI), stroke, and multiple sclerosis (MS), or brain diseases such as Parkinson’s disease. It can also occur in people who have had a brain tumor removed or who have been exposed to some types of drugs or alcohol during pregnancy.

What are the types of Spasticity?

Spasticity is a condition that causes the muscles to be stiff and tight. There are a number of different types of spasticity, but they all affect the same muscle group. Spasticity can affect one limb or both, it can affect the upper body or lower body, or it can affect all four limbs.

Spastic Diplegia

Spastic diplegia affects two limbs, which most commonly are the legs. This type of spasticity is most common in children who have cerebral palsy.

Spastic Hemiplegia

Spastic hemiplegia affects one entire side of the body. This type of spasticity is most common in adults who have cerebral palsy.

Spastic Quadriplegia

Spastic quadriplegia occurs when all four limbs are affected by this type of spasticity; it is most common in adults who have cerebral palsy or multiple sclerosis.

H2 What are the causes of Spasticity?

Spasticity is a condition that causes your muscles to contract, stiffen, and tighten. It can affect both the arms and legs, and it can be the result of injury or stroke.

The causes of spasticity include:

  • Stroke
  • Head injury
  • Brain surgery (e.g., tumor removal)
  • Seizures (fits)
  • Spinal cord injury or disease
  • Nerve damage due to MS (multiple sclerosis) or ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)

What are the symptoms of Spasticity?

The symptoms of spasticity include:

  • Stiffness in your legs or arms when you try to move them
  • A tight feeling in your abdomen or chest that does not go away even when you are resting
  • Pain in your legs when they are bent at the knee for a long time (like when sitting down)

What are the risk factors for Spasticity?

The most common factor is an injury to the spinal cord, which can cause an abnormal electrical signal to travel from the brain to your muscles. This causes your muscles to contract involuntarily, resulting in spasticity.

Other risk factors include:

  • Neurological conditions like cerebral palsy
  • Infections like meningitis and encephalitis
  • Trauma like a car accident or fall

Recommended Exercise

General Condition

What are the exercises for Spasticity?

Spasticity can cause muscle tightness in the calves and thighs. To help relieve this, try these exercises:

  • Stretching the calf muscles by placing your foot against a wall while keeping your knee straight, then flexing your ankle up towards your knee; repeating 10 times on each leg should help to loosen up those muscles!
  • Stretching the thigh muscles by placing one foot on a chair or table and bending forward so that your hands touch the ground; repeat 10 times on each leg should help to loosen up those muscles!

There are a few things you can do to help with spasticity, including:

  • Stretching and relaxing the muscles of your legs and arms
  • Wearing compression stockings
  • Exercising regularly
  • Using splints or braces to keep your joints in the right position

What are the treatments for Spasticity?

There are treatments for spasticity, but each treatment may only work for certain types of spasticity. The most common treatments are:

Physical therapy

Physical therapists help you learn how to move your body more easily, which can reduce the amount of spasticity you experience.

Botulinum toxin injections

Botulinum toxin is injected into the muscle that is causing your spasms, which helps it relax. This treatment can last up to 6 months, after which it will need to be repeated again.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

General Condition

What brace is used for Spasticity?

A cast is a common treatment for spasticity. The cast immobilizes the limb so that it cannot move and stretch out the muscles and tendons. This helps to reduce muscle spasms, and it will help you regain strength in your muscles while they are not being used.

A cast can be applied by a doctor, who will make sure it is fitted properly and that the bones are properly aligned.

You may need to wear your cast for several weeks or months, depending on how long your doctor recommends it.

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