Spastic Hemiplegia

Spastic Hemiplegia

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Spastic Hemiplegia

General Condition

What is Spastic Hemiplegia?

Spastic hemiplegia is a form of cerebral palsy that causes spasticity, or muscle stiffness. It usually affects one side of the body, causing weakness and paralysis on one side. The most common symptom is spasticity in the leg and foot muscles, which can make it difficult to walk without assistance.

Children with spastic hemiplegia may have difficulty walking, running, or performing other types of physical activity. They may also have trouble with fine motor skills such as using utensils and writing.

Spastic hemiplegia can cause cognitive problems such as memory loss and trouble concentrating. The condition also increases the risk for seizures; however, most children who have seizures do not develop epilepsy (recurring seizures).

What are the types of Spastic Hemiplegia?

There are four forms of spastic hemiplegia:

Spastic Hemiparesis

This type of spastic hemiplegia affects the arm and leg on only one side of your body. This is also called “hemiparesis.”

Hemiplegic Migraine

This type of spastic hemiplegia affects both sides of your body. You may feel pain or have a headache when you’re having a spasm.

  • Spastic Diplegia, which causes spasticity in both legs and in one arm.
  • Spastic Quadriplegia, which causes spasticity in all four limbs.

What are the causes of Spastic Hemiplegia?

The causes of spastic hemiplegia are many, but are usually related to an injury or illness to the brain or spinal cord. Some common causes include:

  • Head trauma
  • Stroke (cerebrovascular accident)
  • Infections such as meningitis or encephalitis
  • Infections like meningitis or encephalitis can lead to scarring of certain areas of the brain, which can cause spastic hemiplegia.
  • Bleeding into an area of the brain can also cause damage that leads to spastic hemiplegia. Bleeding may occur during birth or after surgery.
  • Cerebral palsy is usually diagnosed during childhood because it usually affects children born prematurely or with low birth weights.

What are the symptoms of Spastic Hemiplegia?

The most common symptoms of spastic hemiplegia are:

  • Involuntary muscle twitches, especially in the face and arms
  • Difficulty coordinating movements, including walking
  • Muscle weakness in one side of the body
  • Tremors
  • Difficulty swallowing, speaking, and moving the arms and legs
  • Loss of sensation or numbness in the legs, arms, or face
  • Muscle stiffness and tightness in one leg
  • Difficulty walking or coordinating movements with the affected leg
  • Weakness in the muscles that bend and straighten your knee, hip, or ankle
  • Tightness in the muscles that control your foot
  • A limp that worsens if you hold your affected leg in a bent position for too long

What are the risk factors for Spastic Hemiplegia?

The risk factors for Spastic Hemiplegia are:

  • Previous brain injury or stroke
  • Infection of the central nervous system (CNS)
  • Birth injury
  • Genetic factors (chromosomal abnormalities)

Recommended Exercise

General Condition

What are the exercises for Spastic Hemiplegia?

If you have spastic hemiplegia, you’ll want to focus on developing your strength and endurance in all of your muscles. This is because spasticity causes muscles to tire quickly, which can lead to falls and injuries.

The following exercises can help you strengthen your leg muscles:

Leg lifts

Lie on your back with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Lift one leg six inches off the floor, hold for two seconds, and then lower it back down. Repeat with the other leg. Do ten repetitions per set and three sets per day.

Step-ups

Stand next to a step or chair and place one foot on top of it with your knee bent at 90 degrees. Lift yourself onto the step with both legs while keeping your back straight so that you are standing upright on top of it (this may require using the handrail if necessary). Slowly step down onto the floor with both feet together until both feet are on the ground again before repeating this exercise again for ten repetitions per set (three sets total per day).

Leg curls

Lie face down on your bed with your legs hanging off the edge. Bend your knees so that they’re at a 90-degree angle, and then slowly lift your feet up until they’re straight out in front of you. Hold for five seconds, and then lower back down to starting position. Repeat 15 times three times per day.

Leg extensions

Lie on your back with your arms at your sides, knees bent and feet flat on the floor in front of you (like a tabletop). Lift one leg about six inches off the floor so that it’s perpendicular to the other leg (like an upside-down V). Then slowly lower it back to starting position—don’t allow it to touch down before lifting again! Repeat 10 times three times per day for each leg

What are the treatments for Spastic Hemiplegia?

The treatment for spastic hemiplegia is focused on minimizing symptoms and increasing function. It includes physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and orthopedic surgery.

Physical therapy focuses on improving mobility and strength in the affected limb. The goal is to help you maintain your independence as much as possible.

Occupational therapy helps you learn how to do everyday tasks more easily. It may include training in activities like cooking and cleaning, or learning how to use assistive devices such as canes or walkers.

Speech therapy focuses on getting your voice to sound clearer so people understand what you’re saying. Speech therapists will also teach you how to speak more clearly so others can understand what you’re saying. Speech therapists are also trained in swallowing disorders, so they can help if eating or drinking becomes difficult due to a swallowing disorder brought on by spastic hemiplegia.

Orthopedic surgery is a common treatment to help people with severe spasticity. It can reduce pain caused by contractures, which are muscle tightness around joints. This type of surgery is called fasciotomy.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

General Condition

What brace is used for Spastic Hemiplegia?

Spastic hemiplegia is a paralysis of one side of the body caused by damage to the brain. A short brace is used to control the spasticity and not to provide support.

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

$ 280.00

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

$ 280.00

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