Sever’s Disease

Sever's Disease

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Sever's Disease

Foot

What is Sever’s Disease?

Sever’s Disease is a common cause of heel pain in adults. It happens when the Achilles tendon, which connects your calf muscles to your heel bone, becomes inflamed or irritated.

Sever’s Disease affects the Achilles tendon, which connects your calf muscles to the back of your heel.

The Achilles tendon helps you walk, run, and jump by storing and releasing energy as it moves up and down with each stride.

People with Sever’s Disease experience inflammation and swelling in the Achilles tendon, which can cause pain when walking or running. This pain can be worse when starting or stopping suddenly and after sitting for long periods of time.

What are the types of Sever’s Disease?

There are two types of Sever’s disease: acute and chronic.

  • Acute Sever’s disease occurs suddenly, usually following an injury or trauma to the heel bone. This is the most common type, and it usually occurs in young adults and children between the ages of 10 and 20 years old. It often affects athletes who participate in running sports or high-impact activities like basketball or soccer.
  • Chronic Sever’s disease develops over time and is often caused by overuse of the Achilles tendon during athletic activities. This is the second most common type, but it tends to affect people over the age of 40 years old more often than other types do.

Who gets Sever’s Disease?

Sever’s disease most commonly affects people between ages 10-15, although it can occur at any age. Boys are more likely to get Sever’s than girls. People who participate in sports that involve running or jumping are more likely to develop this condition.

What are the causes of Sever’s Disease?

Sever’s Disease, also known as calcaneal apophysitis, is a foot condition that results in inflammation, swelling and pain behind the heel bone. The pain can be severe and cause difficulty walking. Sever’s Disease is caused when the apophysis—the end part of the long bones in your feet—is injured or damaged.

Some conditions that can make it more likely for you to get Sever’s disease include:

  • flat feet
  • high arches
  • impaired circulation
  • excess weight gain

What are the symptoms of Sever’s Disease?

The symptoms of Sever’s Disease include:

  • Pain at the back of the heel
  • Tenderness over the tendon
  • Tightness in the calf muscles
  • Weakness in the ankle when rising from a squat position

What are the risk factors for Sever’s Disease?

Risk factors for developing Sever’s Disease include:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Having a family history of the condition
  • Participating in sports such as basketball, volleyball, running, or ballet

Recommended Exercise

Foot

What are the exercises for Sever’s Disease?

Sever’s Disease is a condition that affects the Achilles tendon, located in the back of the lower leg. The Achilles tendon connects your calf muscle to your heel and helps you bend your foot. When you have Sever’s disease, the tendon becomes inflamed, causing pain and stiffness in your ankle and heel.

Some of the exercises for Sever’s disease include:

– Ankle circles – rotate your ankle clockwise, then counterclockwise 10 times each

– Wall pushups – stand facing a wall with feet shoulder width apart, toes touching wall; push hips toward wall until butt touches wall (if you can’t get butt to touch wall, try to get as close as possible)

Walking

Take a brisk walk every day. Walk on level ground and gradually increase speed as you go. This will help strengthen your ankles and increase blood flow through the area.

Calf Stretches

Stand facing a wall with feet together, toes pointed forward and heels slightly apart from each other. Put hands on wall just above waist height with arms straight out in front of you, then lean forward until fingertips touch wall (or as much as possible). Hold stretch for 30 seconds, and then repeat several times throughout day whenever possible.

What are the treatments for Sever’s Disease?

The treatments for Sever’s Disease are:

  • Rest the affected heel by wearing a heel lift or orthotic.
  • Apply ice to the area for 10 to 20 minutes at a time, several times a day. Ice can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Do stretching exercises to increase flexibility of the calf muscles.
  • Wear shoes with good arch support and heel cushioning.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Back

What brace is used for Sever’s Disease?

Sever’s Disease is a condition that causes the Achilles tendon to swell and develop nodules. It can be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs, but if those don’t work, your doctor may recommend a brace.

Heel cups and the X brace are two options that you might hear about. Heel cups are made of plastic and have soft pads that fit under your heels to help them heal. The X brace is made of metal, foam padding, and straps to hold the ankle in place while the tendon heals.

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