Sciatica

Sciatica

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Recommended Exercise

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Sciatica

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What is Sciatica?

Sciatica is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and/or tingling in the leg. It’s also known as “sciatic nerve pain,” “sciatica nerve pain,” or “nerve pain.”

The sciatic nerve runs from your lower spine to your legs. When this nerve becomes compressed, it can cause symptoms like pain that travels down the leg, numbness, tingling and/or muscle weakness in the leg. Sciatica can get better on its own; but if it’s not treated, it can lead to long-term complications such as walking problems and chronic back pain.

What are the types of Sciatica?

The types of sciatica include:

Acute sciatica

This type of sciatica is the result of a sudden injury to the lower back, such as a fall or sports injury. It often gets better on its own within several weeks.

Chronic sciatica

This type of sciatica can be caused by an underlying condition that affects the spine, such as spinal stenosis or disc herniation. It is typically more severe than acute sciatica and may last longer than three months before getting better on its own.

Alternating sciatica

This type of sciatica causes pain that switches from one side of your body to the other. It occurs when there are problems with both sides of your spine at once, such as compression fractures in your vertebrae (bones) or bulging discs in between them.

Bilateral sciatica

This type of sciatica causes pain in both legs at once, which can make it hard for you to walk without limping or using crutches to support yourself while you move around.

What are the symptoms of Sciatica?

Sciatica symptoms can range from mild to severe. The most common symptoms include:

  • Sharp, shooting pain in one or both legs. The pain may radiate from the back of the thigh down the leg and can be felt in the foot and toes.
  • Pain that worsens with sitting or standing for long periods of time.
  • Pain that gets worse at night when lying down on your back.

What are the causes of Sciatica?

Sciatica can be caused by various conditions affecting the spine, pelvis and hip joints. These include:

  • Spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal)
  • Herniated disc (where the soft inner part of a disc bulges outwards into the spinal canal)
  • Bone spurs (small extra growths of bone on the vertebrae)
  • Piriformis syndrome (where tightness in your piriformis muscle causes irritation to your sciatic nerve)

What are the risk factors for Sciatica?

The risk factors for sciatica include:

  • Age – Risk increases with age
  • Gender – Women are more likely than men to develop sciatica
  • Obesity – A higher body mass index (BMI) increases your risk of developing sciatica
  • Other diseases – Multiple sclerosis (MS), spinal stenosis, arthritis and other conditions may increase your risk of developing sciatica

How to prevent Sciatica?

In order to prevent Sciatica, you should:

  • Maintain good posture throughout the day
  • Do not sit for prolonged periods of time without getting up
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects with your back bent or twisted
  • Stretch regularly to help improve your flexibility and strengthen your core muscles

Recommended Exercise

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What are the exercises for Sciatica?

Lumbosciatica is a condition that affects the lower back and the sciatic nerve. It can cause radiating pain in the legs, numbness, and tingling.

The exercises for sciatica include:

Knee-to-Chest Exercise

If you have sciatica, you can perform this exercise to help stretch your lower back and hamstrings.

Lie on your back with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Slowly pull one knee towards your chest and hold for 10 seconds before returning to starting position. Repeat with the opposite leg.

Standing Hamstring Stretch

You can stretch your hamstrings by standing up straight with feet shoulder width apart and then slowly bend forward at the waist until you feel a gentle pull in your hamstring muscles (you should feel a stretch, but not pain). Hold this position for 20 seconds before returning to starting position. Repeat three times on each side.

Pelvic Tilt Exercise

Pelvic tilts help strengthen your abdominal muscles, which in turn helps support your lower back and pelvis during everyday activities such as walking or bending over.

Lie on your back with knees bent and feet flat on the floor; then lift hips off of floor until body forms an “L” shape (with lower back relaxed). Hold for 5 seconds, then slowly lower hips back down toward floor until they’re resting again—do this 10 times total!

What are the treatments for Sciatica?

The treatment of sciatica depends on the cause. If the pain is caused by a herniated disc, then surgery may be needed to remove the disc material that is pressing on the sciatic nerve. If there are other causes of the pain, such as bony spurs or arthritis in the spine, then different treatments will be used to relieve your symptoms. Some common treatments include:

  • Physical therapy
  • Injections
  • Medications

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

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What brace is used for Sciatica?

Sciatica is a painful condition that affects the lower back and hip area. The pain can radiate into the legs, making it difficult to move or walk.

The lumbosacral back brace has been shown to be effective in reducing pain and muscle spasms associated with this condition.

Related Device/Equipment

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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