Proximal Humerus Fracture

Proximal Humerus Fracture

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Proximal Humerus Fracture

Shoulder

What is Proximal Humerus Fracture?

A proximal humerus fracture is a break in the upper arm bone. The humerus is the long, curved bone that runs from your shoulder to your elbow. It connects the scapula (shoulder blade) and the two bones of the forearm (radius and ulna).

A proximal humerus fracture occurs when you fall on an outstretched arm or fall on an object that lands directly on it. You can also get a proximal humerus fracture if you are in an accident or are involved in a sporting activity where you fall on your outstretched arms.

A person who has this condition might have pain in their shoulder and shoulder blade area, as well as swelling and bruising around these areas. They may also have trouble moving their arm up above their head or using it to lift heavy objects.

What are the types of Proximal Humerus Fracture?

Proximal humerus fractures are common injuries and involve the area of the arm where it meets the shoulder. There are several different types of proximal humerus fractures, and they can be further divided into subtypes based on how many pieces are broken and how many parts are displaced.

One-Part Fractures – These fractures involve only a single part of the bone.

Two-Part Fractures – These fractures involve two pieces of bone but do not involve any displacement of those pieces.

Three-Part Fractures – These fractures involve three pieces of bone and may or may not involve displacement between those pieces.

Four-Part Fractures – These fractures involve four pieces of bone, all of which have been displaced from one another in some way.

Valgus-Impacted Four-Part Fractures – This is a subtype of four-part fracture that occurs when one or both condyles (articular surfaces) are impacted by valgus force (inward force). Valgus impaction can cause serious damage to these articular surfaces if left untreated. It is important for anyone with this type of fracture to seek treatment as soon as possible so that their bones can heal properly without further damage.

Fracture Dislocations and Articular Surface Injuries – A fracture dislocation occurs when the fracture separates one part of the humerus from another; this type of injury can also result in damage to articular cartilage or ligaments that stabilize joint movements.

What are the causes of Proximal Humerus Fracture?

Proximal humerus fracture is a break in the upper arm bone, which is called the humerus. It can be caused by an accident or trauma.

The most common cause of proximal humerus fracture is falling on an outstretched hand (usually on snow or ice). The force of your body weight landing on your outstretched hand breaks the upper arm bone in two or more places.

Other causes include:

  • Tennis elbow, which is an overuse injury that occurs when you repeatedly lift or swing your arm at high speed
  • Baseball thrower’s elbow, which occurs when the tendons of your elbow get too tight and rub against each other as they move through their normal range of motion

What are the symptoms of Proximal Humerus Fracture?

Proximal humerus fractures are common in older adults, but they can happen to anyone. The symptoms of this type of fracture include:

  • Pain in the shoulder
  • Limited range of motion in the shoulder
  • A bump or deformity in the shoulder
  • Numbness or tingling in the arm
  • Swelling around the shoulder

What are the risk factors for Proximal Humerus Fracture?

The risk factors for proximal humerus fractures include:

  • Age, with a peak incidence occurring in people over 65 years old
  • Sex, men are more likely to experience this type of fracture than women
  • Type of injury (falling on an outstretched arm, for example)

Recommended Exercise

Shoulder

What are the exercises for Proximal Humerus Fracture?

After your Proximal Humerus Fracture has been diagnosed, you will be prescribed exercises to help regain strength and mobility.

Here are some of the most common exercises for this condition:

Table Slides

You will use a table that has a slide attached to it. The slide allows you to move your arm while lying on your stomach over the table. This helps strengthen your arm without putting too much pressure on it.

Dowel exercises

With this exercise, you hold a dowel in each hand and do bicep curls with them. This exercise should be done slowly and smoothly so that it doesn’t put any pressure on your shoulder joint. You should do this exercise 3 times per week for 4-5 weeks after surgery or until full range of motion is regained.

Submaximal Isometrics

This is done by holding an object at shoulder level with elbows bent at 90 degrees for 10 seconds at a time, then lowering it slowly to rest for 30-60 seconds before repeating again for 10 reps total (3 sets). This helps strengthen your shoulder muscles without putting too much pressure on them during recovery time from surgery or injury; however, if pain occurs during or after these exercises then discontinue immediately.

What are the treatments for Proximal Humerus Fracture?

The treatment for proximal humeral fractures depends on the severity of the fracture. In most cases, non-surgical treatment is recommended. However, if your fracture is severe and you have trouble moving your arm, surgery may be recommended to repair the break. The doctor will decide whether you need surgery based on how much pain you’re in and whether you can move your arm normally.

Non-surgical Treatment

If you have a simple fracture, you might be able to just wear a sling or brace and take pain medication as needed. If your fracture is more severe and requires surgery, it’s important that you don’t use your arm until after the bone heals completely (about six weeks). This can cause additional stress on your bones and could lead to complications like infection or nerve damage.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

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What brace is used for Proximal Humerus Fracture?

There are two main types of braces for Proximal Humerus Fractures.

The first is an arm sling, which is used to support the arm and keep it in place while it heals. This type of brace generally has a strap that goes around the neck and one that goes around the chest (or shoulders).

The second type of brace is called a hinged or hinge-type brace. This type of brace can be worn during activities like driving a car or playing sports, but it should be removed before sleeping.

Both types of braces should be worn until the doctor says you don’t need them anymore.

Related Device/Equipment

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