Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis

Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis

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Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis

Knee

What Is Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis?

Post traumatic knee arthritis, also known as post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) and chondromalacia patella, is a type of arthritis that develops following a traumatic injury to the knee, such as a fracture or tear. It’s usually caused by trauma to the patellofemoral joint the area where the kneecap connects to the thigh bone and can be extremely painful.

Post traumatic knee arthritis is most common in people who have experienced trauma to their knees or have had previous injuries there. Examples include:

  • Fractures
  • Dislocations
  • Sprains or strains
  • Torn ligaments

What are the types of Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis?

There are two types of post-traumatic knee arthritis:

Osteoarthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of post-traumatic knee arthritis. It is caused by a combination of trauma and age-related wear and tear on the joint. The cartilage in the joint wears away, leaving bone rubbing against bone, which causes pain and stiffness.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that affects many parts of the body including joints, skin, eyes, blood vessels, lungs, heart and kidneys. RA causes inflammation in the lining of your joints causing pain and stiffness.

What are the risk factors for developing Post-Traumatic Knee Arthritis?

The risk of developing post-traumatic knee arthritis increases with age. The reason for this is that as we get older, our joints become more brittle and prone to injury. Other risk factors include:

Obesity

Excess weight puts more strain on your joints which can lead to arthritis

Genetics

If you have family members with osteoarthritis (OA), you may be at higher risk of developing it yourself

Smoking

Smoking increases inflammation in your body which can cause pain and stiffness in your joints

What are the causes of Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis?

The exact cause of post-traumatic knee arthritis isn’t known, but it’s thought to be caused by inflammation or damage to the cartilage in your knee joint. This can happen when you injure your ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) or MCL (medial collateral ligament).

What are the symptoms of Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis?

Post-traumatic knee arthritis is more common than we might think. In fact, it’s estimated that about 1 in 10 people develop post-traumatic knee arthritis after an injury.

Post-traumatic knee arthritis symptoms may include:

  • Pain on the sides or back of your knee
  • Swelling on either side of your knee, especially after exercise or activity
  • Stiffness when you try to bend or straighten your knee
  • Pain in the area around your kneecap
  • Swelling around your kneecap
  • Bruising around your kneecap

How to prevent Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis?

There are several things you can do to prevent post-traumatic knee arthritis:

  1. Rest the joint until it heals fully. If you don’t allow your body time to heal itself, it could lead to further damage of the joint.
  2. Use cold therapy on the area after an injury—this helps reduce inflammation and relieve pain by reducing swelling so that blood flow can be restored in the area more quickly.
  3. Make sure you’re staying active! Regular exercise helps strengthen muscles around joints so that they’re better able to support them during everyday activities like walking or running (which means less wear-and-tear on those joints).

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the treatments for Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis?

The most common treatment for post-traumatic knee arthritis is physical therapy.

Physical therapists will work with you to help you strengthen your muscles around your knee, which can help relieve pain and improve motion. They may also recommend exercises for you to do at home on your own.

If physical therapy does not provide relief from your symptoms, then you may want to consider undergoing surgery. There are several different surgical options available, including:

A partial knee replacement – this involves replacing only part of the knee (usually just one side), rather than both sides as in total knee replacement surgery

Total replacement – this involves removing all damaged parts of the knee and replacing them with prosthetic implants

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What type of brace is used for Post Traumatic Knee Arthritis?

There are two types of braces that can be used to help with post-traumatic knee arthritis: unloader or offloader braces.

Unloader braces work by taking pressure off of the damaged area of the knee so it has time to heal.

Offloader braces do something similar by putting pressure on another part of the body. Both kinds of braces are useful because they allow you to walk without pain while your cartilage heals.

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