Post Surgical Knee Replacement

PCL Posterior Cruciate Ligament

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PCL Posterior Cruciate Ligament

Knee

What is Post-Surgical Knee Replacement?

Post-Surgical Knee Replacement (also called knee arthroplasty) is a surgical procedure that replaces the natural knee joint with an artificial joint. The artificial joint can be made of plastic, metal and polyethylene.

Why is Knee Replacement Surgery?

The knee replacement surgery is performed to restore mobility in patients who have suffered from severe damage to their joints due to arthritis or injury.

What are the types of Post-Surgical Knee Replacement?

There are two types of Post-Surgical Knee Replacement:

Total Knee Replacement (TKR)

This is the most common type of knee replacement surgery. In this procedure, the damaged cartilage and bone are replaced with an artificial joint called a prosthesis. The prosthesis is made of metal, plastic, and/or ceramic materials. It works like a hinge to allow your knee joint to bend and straighten as needed.

Partial Knee Replacement (PKR)

This type of surgery is also known as a unicondylar knee replacement or unicompartmental knee replacement because only one part of your knee joint is replaced during this procedure. During a partial knee replacement surgery, part of your thigh bone and lower leg bone are removed from their natural locations within your leg and moved into new positions using metal plates, screws, and other hardware to hold them in place during healing.

What to expect after Knee Replacement?

After knee replacement surgery, there are many things you can expect, including relief from pain and increased mobility.

  • Pain in the knee during the first week
  • Pain in other places (back, buttocks, thigh) for up to 6 weeks
  • Tenderness and swelling around the knee for up to 6 weeks
  • Swelling in your legs for up to 6 weeks
  • You may need crutches or a walker right after surgery. You will be able to put weight on your leg after one week. After that, you should be able to use a cane or walk without assistance.

The most important thing to remember is that it takes time for your knee to heal and for you to regain strength in it. Be patient with yourself and allow yourself time to heal properly before returning to work or other activities where you might be more active than before surgery.

How to treat or deal with pain after Knee Replacement?

After knee replacement surgery, patients can experience pain that can be treated with medication. Here are some tips for how to deal with knee pain after surgery:

  1. Take prescribed medications as directed by your doctor.
  2. Use ice packs on the area where you feel pain for 20 minutes at a time, two to three times per day.
  3. Apply heat to the area where you feel pain for 20 minutes at a time, two to three times per day (not at the same time as applying ice).
  4. Use a gel or cream applied directly to the skin over the surgical site for 10 minutes at a time, two to three times per day (not at the same time as applying ice or heat).

Tips to speed up your recovery after Knee Replacement

Here are some tips that may help speed up your recovery:

1) Use an ice pack frequently when you have pain or swelling in your knee.

2) Try not to bend your knee too much as it will increase pressure on the joint, which could cause more pain and slow down recovery time.

3) Keep weight off the affected leg by using crutches or a walker until it feels stronger than the other leg.

4) Keep your leg elevated whenever possible during the first week after surgery (especially while sleeping). This helps reduce swelling and improves circulation.

5) Use a cane or walker if needed when standing or walking around in order to protect the surgical site from further injury until you have gained sufficient strength and balance to do so without assistance.

Exercises After Knee Replacement

If you’ve had a knee replacement, your doctor will likely advise you to begin physical therapy exercises as soon as you’re able.

These exercises can help strengthen the muscles around your knee joint and improve your range of motion. Your doctor or physical therapist may recommend specific exercises based on your condition, but these are some general guidelines:

Knee bends: As an alternative to normal squatting, try bending forward at the waist while keeping your legs straight. This helps strengthen the quadriceps muscles in front of your thigh.

Leg raises: Lie on your back with both legs extended straight up toward the ceiling. Slowly raise one leg off the ground until it’s perpendicular to the floor. Hold for 5 seconds and slowly lower it back down again. Repeat 10 times with each leg.

Heel slides: While sitting on a chair or bench with both feet flat on floor, slide one foot backward so that only its heel remains in contact with ground and press forward again with toes pressing against floor for strength training effect. Do 20 repetitions on each side daily for best results.

Recommended Exercise

Knee

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What type of braces are recommended after Knee Replacement Surgery?

Post-operative knee braces are recommended after knee replacement surgery.

The brace should be worn for the first six weeks following surgery, and then for another six to twelve months, depending on the type of knee replacement surgery you had.

A compression knee immobilizer is recommended after knee replacement surgery. This is because it helps to prevent swelling and bruising, which can occur after the procedure. In addition, it helps to keep the leg in a straight position while the patient is resting. A compression knee immobilizer should be worn for at least one month after surgery.

What are the restrictions after Knee Replacement?

After your knee replacement surgery, you may have some restrictions. Here are some things to be aware of:

Restrictions for the first few days after surgery:

  • Do not bend your knee more than 90 degrees (straightening, but not bending)
  • Do not put any weight on your leg for the first 24 hours. Use crutches if necessary.
  • After that, you can slowly start putting pressure on your leg. Just don’t overdo it! You can begin doing gentle exercises (stretching and range-of-motion) after two weeks. Your doctor will advise you on what kinds of exercises to do.
  • After six weeks, you’ll start getting stronger and be able to gradually increase the amount of activity you do every day. Your doctor will advise you on how much activity is safe for you at this point.

What is the fastest way to recover from knee surgery?

The fastest way to recover from knee surgery is by following the guidance of your surgeon. Your surgeon will recommend a physical therapy program that will help you regain strength and range of motion, as well as improve your ability to walk without pain.

If you have been prescribed a knee brace, wear it as instructed. This will help prevent swelling and keep your knee stable while it heals. You may also want to consider a pair of crutches, which can help reduce your weight on your injured leg and provide support when you get tired.

If you do not have a brace or crutches, try to use the stairs instead of an elevator or escalator whenever possible. Rest as much as possible, but don’t let yourself become too sedentary—you want to keep your blood flowing so that healing can occur as quickly as possible.

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