Plantar Ulcer

Plantar Ulcer

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Plantar Ulcer

Foot

What is Plantar Ulcer?

Plantar Ulcer is a full-thickness lesion of the skin at the plantar side of the foot. The dermis is completely destroyed in this condition. It is also known as heel ulcer or heel spur, which are often caused by excessive pressure or friction on the plantar surface of the foot.

What are the types of Plantar Ulcer?

There are three main types of plantar ulcers: arterial ulcers, neurotrophic ulcers (diabetic ulcers), and venous stasis ulcers.

Arterial Ulcers

These are caused by high blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. The increase in blood sugar levels damages the nerves in your feet and can lead to poor circulation and decreased oxygen flow to your tissue. This can cause an infection on your skin that develops into an open sore on your foot.

Neurotrophic Ulcers (Diabetic Ulcers)

These occur in people who have diabetes or neuropathy. Neuropathy is a condition that causes numbness in the feet and legs. These ulcers are often found in people who have peripheral neuropathy, which means they experience numbness in their feet and legs.

Venous Stasis Ulcers

These occur when the blood circulation to your feet slows down due to damage to your veins. This can happen when you have varicose veins or other conditions such as obesity (excess body fat), which can increase pressure on your veins as well as cause poor blood flow.

What are the causes of Plantar Ulcer?

Plantar ulcer is a common foot condition that occurs when the skin on the bottom of your foot separates from your sole. It’s usually caused by friction, pressure, and/or direct trauma to the area.

Common causes of plantar ulcers include:

  • Pressure from tight shoes (especially those with narrow toe boxes)
  • Injury to the foot that prevents blood flow from reaching the skin
  • Overuse (such as running or walking)
  • Diabetes
  • Stress and anxiety (compounded by standing for long periods) can also contribute to plantar ulcers
  • Poor blood flow due to an injury or surgery
  • Pressure from shoes that don’t fit well
  • Footwear that doesn’t fit properly and causes pressure on the bottom of your foot.

What are the symptoms of Plantar Ulcer?

The symptoms of plantar ulcer include:

  • Pain in the heel or arch of the foot.
  • Redness and inflammation.
  • Hard, dry skin on the bottom of the foot.
  • The skin may crack and break open, releasing a yellowish fluid that smells bad.
  • Your heel hurts when you step down on it
  • You feel like there’s something stuck in your heel when you take your shoes off at night
  • Your foot feels like it’s burning or throbbing when you’re walking around

What are the risk factors for Plantar Ulcer?

The risk factors for plantar ulcer include the following:

  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Injury to the foot
  • Obesity
  • High heels or tight shoes
  • Poor blood circulation

Recommended Exercise

Foot

What are the exercises for Plantar Ulcer?

Plantar ulcers are a foot injury that can be extremely painful, and it’s important to take care of them as soon as possible.

If you have a plantar ulcer, here are some exercises you should try:

Range of motion movements of plantar flexion

This means moving your toes up into your foot, without bending your heel or ankle. Repeat for 10 repetitions per set.

Dorsiflexion

This is when you move your toes up toward the ceiling (without bending your ankle). Repeat for 10 repetitions per set.

Inversion

This is when you turn the sole of your foot inward toward the other foot. Repeat for 10 repetitions per set.

Eversion

This is when you turn the sole of your foot outward away from the other foot. Repeat for 10 repetitions per set.

Circumduction of toes

This means moving all four of your toes in small circles around each other without touching them together (like making a tiny circle with just one toe). Repeat for 10 repetitions per set.

What are the treatments for Plantar Ulcer?

Plantar ulcers are painful and can be difficult to treat. However, there are a few options that you should try before making an appointment with a doctor.

  • Antibiotics are often prescribed for plantar ulcers because they help fight off infection. You may also be advised to wear compression stockings or shoes with good arch support while you heal.
  • Antiplatelet medications like aspirin can also be used to help reduce pain and inflammation associated with plantar ulcers.
  • Compression clothes and prosthetics can help reduce swelling, but these methods are not always effective for everyone with this condition. Orthotics may also be prescribed if your doctor thinks that this might help relieve some pressure on the affected area of your foot (or heel).
  • A prosthetic heel lift may be used to reduce pressure on the plantar area of the foot. A properly fitted heel lift usually helps relieve pain and discomfort in patients who suffer from plantar fasciitis or heel spurs.
  • Orthotics are custom made shoes designed to correct biomechanical abnormalities in the feet and lower limbs that may result in deformities such as hammer toes, bunions, or flat feet. Orthotics can help relieve pain caused by plantar fasciitis by redistributing weight so less stress is placed on the plantar region of the foot when walking or running.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Back

What brace is used for Plantar Ulcer?

The foot offloading brace is used in the treatment of plantar ulcers.

A plantar ulcer is a sore on the bottom of your foot that can cause pain, swelling, and redness. It occurs when you have an injury to the soft tissue at the bottom of your foot. This can happen if you are standing or walking for long periods of time, or if you have diabetes.

The foot offloading brace acts as a splint to keep your foot off the ground as much as possible. It is made up of a shell that wraps around your foot and ankle, with straps that go around it. This helps to reduce pressure on your plantar area while also supporting your arch and heel.

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