Patellar Tendon Injury

Patellar Tendon Injury

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Patellar Tendon Injury

Knee

What is Patellar Tendon Injury?

Patellar tendon injury is often referred to as “jumper’s knee”. It is a condition that involves damage to the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone (tibia). The patella is a sesamoid bone—it sits between your kneecap and shinbone. The patella helps you extend your leg.

What are the types of Patellar Tendon Injury?

There are three types of patellar tendon injury.

Patellar Tendonitis

This is an overuse injury that causes a painful inflammation of the knee. It can be caused by repetitive stress to the knee, such as jumping or running for long periods of time without proper conditioning and warm-up.

Patellar Tendinosis

This is a degenerative condition that results from overuse, but not necessarily from repetitive stress (like jumping or running). The tendon becomes inflamed and weakens over time, which causes pain in your knee when you engage in activities that put stress on your patellar tendon (like jumping or running).

Ruptured Patellar Tendon

This is an acute injury that happens suddenly when you jump down from something high, like a chair or table—it’s also called jumper’s knee! If you’ve ruptured your patellar tendon before, then it could happen again if you don’t take precautions against reinjuring yourself.

How to diagnose Patellar Tendon Injury?

Patellar tendon injury is an injury to the patellar tendon, which connects the patella (kneecap) to the shinbone. This can happen in a variety of ways, including direct trauma to the tendon or repetitive stress on the tendon from overuse or improper use.

Depending on how long you’ve been experiencing symptoms, there are a few different things that can indicate you have this condition:

  • A sharp shooting pain in your knee when you straighten it after sitting for a while.
  • A feeling like something is “catching” when you push off with your foot.
  • A popping sensation in your knee during activity.
  • Pain and swelling in your kneecap or shinbone area.

What are the causes of Patellar Tendon Injury?

Patellar tendon injuries are most common in sports that involve running and jumping. They are caused by overuse or repetitive stress on the patellar tendon, which is located in the front of your knee and connects your kneecap to your shinbone.

The most common cause of patellar tendon injury is a sudden increase in physical activity, such as starting a new sport or increasing the intensity of your workouts.

Other causes include:

  • Improper warm-up before exercise
  • Overuse
  • Improper conditioning
  • Injury to other parts of the knee

What are the symptoms of Patellar Tendon Injury?

The symptoms of a patellar tendon injury include:

  • Pain at or near the front of your knee when you bend and straighten your leg
  • Tenderness over the patellar tendon, which is located where your shinbone meets your thighbone (femur) above your knee joint
  • A “popping” sensation in your knee during activity

What are the risk factors for Patellar Tendon Injury?

The Patellar tendon is the tendon that connects your kneecap (patella) to your shinbone (tibia). It helps you extend your knee.

The risk factors for patellar tendon injury include:

  • Poor flexibility and strength of the quadriceps muscles
  • High impact sports that involve jumping, running, or changing direction often
  • Running on uneven surfaces such as hills or tracks with cambered surfaces
  • Underdeveloped gluteal muscles which can lead to overuse of the quadriceps muscle group

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the treatments for Patellar Tendon Injury?

The treatments for Patellar Tendon Injury are:

  1. Resting the knee and avoiding activities that cause pain
  2. Applying ice to the affected area to reduce swelling and pain
  3. Using crutches or a brace to help you walk if you have a problem with your knee buckling or giving way
  4. Taking anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen to relieve pain, swelling and inflammation

What are the exercises for Patellar Tendon Injury?

The best exercises for patellar tendon injury are the following:

Hamstring stretch

Hamstring stretches are great for this because they work to lengthen the muscle group that attaches to your knee cap. This can help reduce pain and stiffness in the knee joint.

Stand with your right foot on a step and the left foot firmly on the ground at a 90 degree angle. Bend your right knee until you feel a gentle pull in your right hamstring. Hold for 30 seconds, then switch sides.

Calf stretch

Calf stretches are also a good way to increase flexibility in the patellar tendon, as well as improve circulation by increasing blood flow to the area.

Stand facing a wall, with both hands on the wall and knees slightly bent. Stretch your right calf by pushing back against the wall with your heel. Hold for 30 seconds, then switch sides.

Half-squat with knees and feet turned out to the side

Half-squats with knees turned out to the side are a good exercise for strengthening the quadriceps muscle group and improving balance.

Stand with feet hip width apart, knees slightly bent, arms at sides and palms facing up. Slowly lower yourself into a half squat position until thighs are parallel to floor (or lower if possible). Hold for 10 seconds, then return to starting position

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What brace is used for Patellar Tendon Injury?

If you’re suffering from a patellar tendon injury, it’s important to know what type of brace is right for you.

The most common is the Patellar Tendon Support Strap. This is a comfortable, lightweight brace that provides support to your knee and patellar tendon. It’s designed to reduce pain and swelling while allowing you to perform physical activities without restriction.

The Patellar Tendon Support Strap can be used either as a temporary or long-term solution for patellar tendon injuries.

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