Patella Subluxation

Patella Subluxation

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Patella Subluxation

Knee

What is Patella Subluxation?

Patella subluxation is when your kneecap slides out of its normal position. It’s also called “patellar dislocation.”

It is also known as patellar malalignment syndrome, is a condition that causes the knee cap (patella) to become dislocated from its normal position. The kneecap can become displaced and move out of alignment when the thigh muscles are not strong enough to support the knee joint, causing it to shift out of place.

What are the causes of Patella Subluxation?

Patella subluxation is caused by a dislocation of the kneecap. It occurs when the patella, or kneecap, slips out of place and becomes detached from the thigh bone (femur). This can cause pain, swelling and trouble moving your knee.

While there are many causes of patella subluxation, some common ones include:

Aging – As you get older, the cartilage that covers your joints can start to wear away, which makes it more likely that your bones will move out of place.

Sports injuries – Overuse or traumatic injuries like falling down can cause damage to your cartilage and lead to patella subluxation.

Medical conditions – Some medical conditions can also lead to patella subluxation including arthritis or osteoarthritis which is caused by wearing down of cartilage in your joints.

What are the symptoms of Patella Subluxation?

The main symptoms of patella subluxation include:

  • Pain, particularly in the front of your knee
  • Swelling and bruising around your kneecap (patella)
  • Difficulty bending or straightening your knee
  • Pain and tenderness around the knee
  • Soreness when squatting or kneeling
  • A sensation of the kneecap being out of place
  • Difficulty bearing weight on one leg

What are the risk factors of Patella Subluxation?

There are many risk factors associated with patella subluxation. The most common of these is a genetic predisposition to knee injuries, which can lead to patella subluxation. Other risk factors include:

  • Excessive weight gain or loss
  • Previous injury to the knee or leg, especially if it resulted in chronic pain
  • Poorly fitting shoes or boots
  • Incorrect posture and poor alignment can cause strain on the knee cap, leading to problems with its movement

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the exercises for Patella Subluxation?

The exercises below are designed to help correct patellar subluxation by strengthening your quadriceps and hip muscles while also stretching your hamstrings.

Standing hamstring stretch

This is one of the most important exercises for patella subluxation. It increases the flexibility of the knee joint and prevents it from locking up. It’s especially important if you have had surgery or an injury, as it can help prevent future problems with your knee.

Quad sets

If you’re experiencing pain in your quadriceps muscles, this exercise is perfect for you. It strengthens those muscles and helps relieve pain caused by them being too tight or weak.

Straight leg raise

This exercise is great for people who are suffering from patella subluxation because it helps strengthen the quadriceps muscles, which surround the kneecap and help keep it stable while walking or running at higher speeds than normal speed walking/running speed.

What are the treatments for Patella Subluxation?

The treatment for patella subluxation depends on the severity of symptoms.

If you are experiencing mild symptoms, your doctor may recommend resting your knee and using ice packs. In more severe cases, surgery may be needed to correct the problem.

You should also try to avoid running, jumping, or other forms of strenuous exercise while you have patella subluxation.

Tips to prevent Patella Subluxation

Here are some tips to help you prevent patella subluxation:

  • Wear knee pads when you’re doing activities that put pressure on your knees. It will keep your patella in place and prevent it from moving out of alignment.
  • If you have arthritis, make sure that your doctor gives you a brace or supports for your knees. These will help relieve pressure and make sure that the patella doesn’t shift out of place.
  • Stretch before and after exercise to keep the muscles in good shape and prevent injury.
  • Make sure you’re wearing supportive shoes with good arch support when you’re exercising or doing physical activity that puts strain on your knees.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What brace is used for Patella Subluxation?

When it comes to treating patella subluxation, there are two main kinds of braces: U-shaped buttress and C-shaped buttress.

The U-shaped buttress is designed to support the kneecap and provide compression. The C-shaped buttress is designed to stabilize the patella and provide compression.

A knee brace with a U-shaped buttress is usually used in cases where the kneecap is dislocated to one side or under the knee joint. This type of brace provides support for the patella as well as compression around the knee joint.

A knee brace with a C-shaped buttress is typically used in cases where there’s been significant damage to the tendons or ligaments surrounding your knee joint. This type of brace is designed to stabilize your kneecap while providing additional support for any damaged tendons or ligaments.

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