Recommended Exercise


Orthotic Device And Benefits


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General Condition

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones become progressively weaker and more prone to fracture. It happens when you don’t get enough calcium and vitamin D, or if you lose too much bone mass. It affects both men and women after age 50.

What are the types of Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become fragile and break easily. It’s usually caused by age, but it can also be caused by certain medications, endocrine conditions, or other health problems.

There are different types of osteoporosis:

Primary Osteoporosis

This is when the bone becomes weak and brittle because there aren’t enough minerals in the bone itself. This type of osteoporosis is most common among older people.

Secondary Osteoporosis

This kind is caused by another condition that affects the body’s ability to maintain healthy bone mass. Some causes of secondary osteoporosis include chronic diseases like diabetes or thyroid disease, as well as some medications like steroids and anticonvulsant drugs (medications used to treat seizure disorders).

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Also known as Brittle Bone Disease, this type of osteoporosis is caused by genetic mutations that affect how bones grow in children and young adults with the condition.

Idiopathic Juvenile Osteoporosis

Idiopathic Juvenile Osteoporosis, also known as J-Bone in the medical world, it’s caused by a lack of calcium in the bones. It often causes fractured and misplaced bones.

It is a rare form of primary osteoporosis that develops during puberty; typically occurs in girls aged 10-14 years old who have a family history of osteoporosis but whose parents do not have this condition themselves.

What are the symptoms of Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become thin, brittle, and more likely to break. It’s often called a “silent thief of bone” because the symptoms are often subtle and may not be noticed until the disease is advanced.

Osteoporosis symptoms include:

  • Pain in your back, pelvis or legs when you stand up from sitting or bending forward
  • A crackling sound in your bones when you move them
  • Bowel or bladder problems such as incontinence or difficulty urinating (known as urinary frequency)

What are the causes of Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become weak and fracture easily. It’s caused by a loss of minerals from the bones, which leaves them more porous than normal.

There are many factors that can contribute to osteoporosis, including:

Age – Osteoporosis is most common among elderly people.

Gender – Osteoporosis affects women more frequently than men.

Smoking – Smokers have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis than nonsmokers do.

Alcohol consumption – Drinking alcohol can increase your risk of developing osteoporosis.

Lack of exercise – Physical activity can help prevent osteoporosis and reduce its symptoms if you already have it.

What are the risk factors for Osteoporosis?

The most common type of osteoporosis, called postmenopausal osteoporosis, affects women after they reach menopause. The loss of estrogen hormone causes bones to lose minerals and become less dense (weaker). Osteoporosis is also more likely to occur if you have a family history of osteoporosis or broken bones, or if you smoke or drink alcohol excessively.

Osteoporosis risk factors include:

  • Age: 65 years old or older
  • Female gender (especially postmenopausal women)
  • Low body weight (less than 100 pounds)
  • Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol excessively

How to prevent Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become brittle and fragile. It’s most common in older people, but it can happen to younger people too.

Doctors recommend that you take steps to prevent osteoporosis. Here are some things you can do:

  • Eat well-balanced meals with lots of fruits and vegetables.
  • Get plenty of calcium from food sources like milk, yogurt, cheese and broccoli.
  • Do weight-bearing exercise like walking or jogging.
  • Get enough vitamin D by spending time in the sun or taking supplements if you don’t get enough sunlight during the day (but don’t stay out too long!).

Recommended Exercise

General Condition

What are the exercises for Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens your bones, making them more fragile and susceptible to fractures. It’s a major cause of disability and death in the United States. The good news is that you can take steps to prevent osteoporosis by engaging in weight-bearing exercises, which help build bone density.

These exercises are especially important for people with osteoporosis:

Bicep Curls

This exercise strengthens your biceps. It also helps prevent falls, which are common among people with osteoporosis.

This exercise strengthens the muscles in your arms and upper back, which helps protect against osteoporosis-related fractures in these areas. It also improves balance and posture—both of which are important for preventing falls caused by dizziness or other issues related to poor balance.

Shoulder Lifts

These help strengthen your shoulders, which can help reduce pain from fractures or other injuries associated with osteoporosis.

Shoulder lifts strengthen the muscles in your arms and shoulders while also improving posture. They’re also helpful for preventing falls because they improve balance.

Hamstring Curls

This exercise targets the hamstrings and hips, but it also works on your knees and ankles—areas that are particularly vulnerable when you have osteoporosis.

This exercise strengthens your lower back so it can support your spine better and reduce the risk of compression fractures (when bone breaks through skin).


Squats help build muscle throughout your body; this helps protect against falls and other injuries caused by osteoporosis.

Squats improve flexibility in your hips, knees, ankles, and feet—all of which can help reduce stress on bones by allowing them more room to move without breaking under pressure from bending over time after time.


What are the treatments for Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bones to weaken and break more easily, which can lead to fractures. The main treatment for osteoporosis is medication, such as:

  • Bisphosphonates (including alendronate, risedronate and ibandronate)
  • Calcitonin
  • Estrogen-progestin therapy (for postmenopausal women)
  • Parathyroid hormone (for postmenopausal women)
  • Vitamin D and calcium supplementation
  • In addition to medication, you may be advised to exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet filled with calcium-rich foods like milk and yoghurt.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

General Condition

What brace is used for Osteoporosis?

The thoracolumbar orthosis (TLO) brace is the most common type of brace used for osteoporosis. It’s designed to support the spine and help prevent compression fractures. It is sometimes referred to as a spinal orthosis, or simply an “ortho.”

An orthosis is a brace that helps provide support for your joints or muscles. The TLO brace works by transferring some of the load from your spine onto your hips and legs, which are stronger than your back and therefore better able to handle it.

The TLO supports the lower back, lumbar spine (lower back), and sacrum (the triangular bone at the base of your spine). It has two main parts: a hip belt that goes around your waist, and two leg supports that attach to the belt via straps. The hip belt helps distribute some of your body weight away from your lower back, while the leg supports help stabilize your pelvis so it doesn’t rotate toward one side or another when you walk or sit down.

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