Osteochondroma

Osteochondroma

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Osteochondroma

General Condition

What is Osteochondroma?

Osteochondroma is a bone tumor that occurs on the bone surface. It is also known as an exostosis, which means that it is an abnormal growth of bone tissue.

Osteochondroma can be found in any bone in the body and typically forms on the skull, ribs or vertebrae. The tumor usually appears as a small bump on the surface of the bone and may cause pain or discomfort if it grows large enough to press against nearby nerves or surrounding tissues.

It most commonly occurs in the shoulder blades, ribs, and knees, but can occur anywhere in the body. It often occurs in children and adolescents, but can also occur later in life.

Osteochondromas are typically slow-growing tumors that do not spread to other parts of the body. They can cause pain when they rub against other bones or press on nerves or blood vessels.

Some people with osteochondroma will have more than one tumor at a time, which is called multiple osteochondromata (MOC). MOC can affect 1% to 2% of all cases of osteochondroma and can be seen in any part of the body where bone growth takes place (most commonly the head and neck).

What are the types of Osteochondroma?

There are three different types of osteochondroma:

  • The first type is known as an enchondroma. This type of tumor generally grows slowly and doesn’t cause any symptoms. It’s not considered dangerous, but it may cause some discomfort if it presses against other bones or nerves.
  • The second type is called an osteocartilaginous cap tumor, which is similar to an enchondroma in that it grows slowly and rarely causes any symptoms. However, this type of tumor tends to be larger than the first type and can press against nerves or other bones in its path. This can lead to pain and swelling around the affected area.
  • The third type of osteochondroma is called a fibrous dysplasia, which means that there’s too much growth hormone in your body (hyperplasia). These tumors tend to grow much faster than other kinds of osteochondromas do; they can also cause other symptoms like pain and numbness in nearby joints or muscles (myoclonus).

What are the causes of Osteochondroma?

Osteochondroma is a tumor that can form on the ends of bones. It’s usually located in the head, neck, or limbs.

Osteochondroma is usually caused by a genetic defect that affects the development of the cartilage and bone cells. This defect causes abnormal growths to develop, which are then called osteochondromas.

The majority of cases occur in people who have inherited osteochondromas from one or both parents, but it can also be caused by other conditions such as:

  • Injuries to bones during childhood or adolescence where there was trauma to the bone (for example, from falling off a bicycle)
  • Excessive physical activity during childhood or adolescence that resulted in stress fractures
  • Trauma to a bone during adulthood (for example, from falling down stairs)

What are the symptoms of Osteochondroma?

Symptoms of osteochondroma include pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected area. The symptoms may be worse when you move the joint or put pressure on it.

The location of the tumor can also affect your symptoms. For example:

  • If an osteochondroma is located in a bone deep to the skin, you may feel pain in your thigh or calf.
  • If it’s located near a joint, you’ll likely experience pain when you bend or rotate your knee.
  • If it’s located near a muscle or tendon, you may feel pain when using that muscle or tendon.

What are the risk factors for Osteochondroma?

The risk factors for Osteochondroma include:

  • Genetics
  • Trauma to the site of the tumor, like a fall or blow to the area
  • Poorly controlled type 2 diabetes

Recommended Exercise

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What are the treatments for Osteochondroma?

There are two main treatments for osteochondroma: surgery and radiation.

Surgery is used to remove the growth and prevent it from growing back. This can be done through a minimally invasive procedure like arthroscopic surgery, or it may require a larger incision.

Radiation therapy can be used to treat osteochondroma that is located near the surface of the skin, but it’s not usually recommended because it can cause damage to nearby healthy tissue.

Osteochondroma treatment without surgery

Osteochondromas are often treated with medication rather than surgery because they are slow-growing and generally do not cause any symptoms unless they become inflamed or infected.

Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, bisphosphonates, and calcitonin may be used to treat pain caused by an osteochondroma. Surgery is usually only recommended if complications arise from an untreated osteochondroma or if it causes symptoms such as pain or swelling due to its location near nerves or blood vessels.

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Physical Therapy for Osteochondroma

Doctors often recommend physical therapy to help patients cope with symptoms caused by an osteochondroma.

Physical therapy for osteochondromas focuses on treating pain and discomfort caused by the tumor so that patients can lead more normal lives. Physical therapy can also help prevent future complications from developing by strengthening muscles around affected areas so that they can support weight better than before surgery was done to remove parts of the tumor away from bones where they were growing incorrectly due to abnormal development during childhood years when bones were still growing rapidly (growth plates).

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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