Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular Dystrophy

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Muscular Dystrophy

General Condition

What is Muscular Dystrophy?

Muscular dystrophy describes a group of muscle diseases that cause progressive weakness and degeneration of the muscles.

It’s usually caused by a genetic mutation that affects the body’s ability to produce dystrophin, an important protein that helps keep muscle cells intact.

What are the types of Muscular Dystrophy?

There are three main types of Muscular Dystrophy: Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy, Becker’s Muscular Dystrophy and Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy.

  • Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy is caused by a defective gene that makes a protein called dystrophin. This protein helps keep muscles strong and healthy. People with Duchenne’s usually start to show symptoms in their early teens, making it a particularly devastating condition for young boys.
  • Becker’s is less common than Duchenne’s and does not cause muscle weakness as early or severely as Duchenne’s does. Instead, it affects the ability for muscles to grow and develop properly. It also causes weakness in both legs and arms.
  • Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy affects the arms, chest and shoulders, but rarely causes weakness in the legs.

What are the causes of Muscular Dystrophy?

The condition can be caused by mutations in any one of more than 30 genes. These genes help control how the body makes and uses proteins. The proteins are used to create muscle tissue, so when they don’t work properly, muscles begin to waste away.

Muscular dystrophy can also be caused by changes in the X chromosome or its genes. A person’s sex chromosomes determine their gender (XX for females and XY for males). Females have two copies of each chromosome: one from their father and one from their mother. Males inherit only one copy of each chromosome—one from their mother and one from their father—so they have an X chromosome from their mother and a Y chromosome from their father.

In some cases of muscular dystrophy, both copies of an X chromosome will have abnormalities—that is, they have been damaged somehow before birth—and this causes symptoms similar to those seen with Duchenne muscular dystrophy but typically milder

What are the symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy?

There are many different types of muscular dystrophy. Each type has its own cause, symptoms, and treatment options.

Symptoms include:

  • Difficulty walking
  • A weak grip in one or both hands
  • Muscle weakness or wasting (atrophy)
  • Loss of balance or coordination

What are the risk factors for Muscular Dystrophy?

There are several types of Muscular Dystrophy, each caused by different gene defects. Some types occur in children, while others develop later in life. Some forms are mild and some are severe.

Some risk factors for Muscular Dystrophy include:

  • Family history of muscular dystrophy
  • Genetic mutations that cause abnormal proteins to build up in the muscles (dystrophin)
  • Certain ethnic backgrounds (Eastern European Jews, French Canadians)

Recommended Exercise

General Condition

What are the exercises for Muscular Dystrophy?

Exercises are important in order to help improve strength and mobility for people with Muscular Dystrophy. They also help decrease pain associated with the disease and prevent further damage from occurring as well as preventing any further progression of symptoms such as joint stiffness or contractures (shortening).

Leg lifts

Lie on your back with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Lift one leg off the floor until it’s at a 90-degree angle from your body. Hold for 10 seconds and repeat with the other leg. Do two sets of 10 reps each day.

Wall push-ups

Stand against a wall with your feet shoulder-width apart and hands by your sides; keep your neck straight and eyes focused forward throughout this exercise. Bend at the elbows until they’re at shoulder height, then push back up again while keeping arms straight (don’t lock elbows). Start out doing 10 repetitions per day but build up to 20 or more repetitions per session if possible!

What are the treatments for Muscular Dystrophy?

There are several treatments available for muscular dystrophy.

Dietary changes are one option. For example, if you have Duchenne muscular dystrophy, you may be able to eat a high-protein diet to help maintain muscle strength and slow the progression of the disease.

Another treatment for muscular dystrophy is physical therapy. The goal of physical therapy is to strengthen muscles, improve mobility and prevent joint problems.

Other treatments for muscular dystrophy include medications such as corticosteroids, which reduce inflammation; beta-blockers that control blood pressure; thyroid hormone replacement therapy; and immunosuppressant that suppress the immune system’s response to inflammation or injury in order to protect damaged tissues from further damage.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

General Condition

What brace is used for Muscular Dystrophy?

There are several types of braces that can be useful while walking if you have muscular dystrophy. These include:

Knee-ankle-foot orthosis (KAFO) — this brace helps prevent foot drop and improves mobility for people with weakness in their legs. KAFOs are made from a lightweight material and can be worn comfortably under clothing.

Walking cast — this cast provides support to weak or paralyzed limbs so you can walk more comfortably. It’s usually worn for only a few weeks until your muscles strengthen enough to support yourself without the cast.

Related Device/Equipment

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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$ 280.00

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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