Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Multiple Sclerosis

Neck/Cervical/Head

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis is a disease that affects the central nervous system, the brain and spinal cord.

The immune system attacks the myelin, which is a fatty substance that insulates nerve fibers in the central nervous system. The damage causes problems with nerve impulses, resulting in physical and mental problems including muscle weakness, pain, spasms and paralysis.

What are the types of Multiple Sclerosis?

There are three main types of MS: relapsing, primary progressive, and secondary progressive.

Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

People with relapsing MS have flare-ups (or relapses) where their symptoms get worse for a period of time and then go away. During these episodes, patients may experience numbness or weakness in one or more limbs on one side of their body (hemiparesis).

Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

Patients with this type of MS experience steady worsening of symptoms over time without any periods of remission. They will not have any relapses in their lifetime. Patients with primary progressive MS often experience difficulty walking and balance issues as well as vision problems early on in their disease course.

Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

This type occurs after someone has had an episode of relapsing MS (they have had at least one). It begins gradually with milder symptoms than those seen in primary progressive MS but over time becomes more severe than it would have been if there had been no prior relapse or flare-up in the first place.

What are the causes of Multiple Sclerosis?

The body’s immune system is supposed to protect you from harmful bacteria, viruses, and other foreign agents. But when it malfunctions, it can attack your body’s own healthy tissue by mistake. This is called autoimmunity, and it’s what causes MS.

The immune system mistakenly attacks the brain and nerves, causing inflammation and scarring. This can cause problems with muscle control, vision, balance, memory, sensation, bowel and bladder function, speech, coordination, and thinking skills.

What are the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis?

The symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis can include:

  • Numbness or tingling in the arms and legs
  • Weakness in the arms and legs
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Problems with balance and coordination
  • Bladder control problems
  • Painful cramps that happen in muscles and joints
  • Fatigue
  • Tremors/Stiffness of the Upper Body

What are the risk factors for Multiple Sclerosis?

There are a number of risk factors that can increase your chances of developing MS, including:

Age – MS typically develops between the ages of 20 and 50, but can occur at any age.

Sex – Women are more likely to develop MS than men.

Family history – If you have family members with MS, you may be at increased risk for developing the condition.

Certain infections – Infections like Epstein-Barr virus and enteroviruses may increase your risk of MS.

Race – Caucasians are more likely to develop MS than other races.

Climate – People who live in colder climates tend to be diagnosed with MS earlier than those who live in warmer climates.

Vitamin D – Low levels of vitamin D have been linked with an increased risk for developing multiple sclerosis.

Recommended Exercise

Neck/Cervical/Head

What are the exercises for Multiple Sclerosis?

Exercise helps to maintain your muscle strength and tone, which can help improve your balance and coordination. It also helps to keep your heart healthy and increase the amount of oxygen your lungs take in.

There are different kinds of exercises that you can try:

-Cardio or aerobic exercise is any exercise that gets your heart rate up and keeps it up for a long period of time. This kind of exercise is great for improving your overall health, as well as increasing your flexibility over time.

-Strength exercises include lifting weights and doing pushups, sit-ups, or planks. These types of exercises build up the muscles in your arms and legs so they can better support your body weight as you move around throughout the day.

-Neuromotor (hand-eye coordination, balance, agility) exercises help improve hand-eye coordination, balance, agility – basically any skills involving movement in space! You can do these types of activities anywhere from yoga poses to playing catch with a ball or using an exercise ball on its own (without any other equipment).

What are the treatments for Multiple Sclerosis?

There are a number of drug options for treating multiple sclerosis. These include the following:

Fingolimod (Gilenya)

Fingolimod (Gilenya) is used to treat relapsing forms of MS. It is marketed by Novartis and is given as an oral tablet. It works by reducing the activity of immune cells that cause inflammation and damage to the nervous system. It can be used alone or in combination with other medications.

Dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)

Dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera) is another oral drug that can be used alone or in combination with other medications to treat relapsing forms of MS. It works by reducing the activity of immune cells that cause inflammation and damage to the nervous system. The manufacturer, Biogen Idec, has been associated with a number of safety concerns regarding this drug since its introduction into treatment.

Diroximel fumarate (Vumerity)

Diroximel fumarate (Vumerity) is also an oral medication that can be used alone or in combination with other medications to treat relapsing forms of MS. It works by reducing the activity of immune cells that cause inflammation and damage to the nervous system like dimethyl fumarate does; however it has been associated with less frequent side effects than dimethyl fumarate does over time.

Teriflunomide (Aubagio)

This drug is an immunomodulator that reduces the immune system’s response against the body’s own tissues. It works by interfering with the production of cytokines in T-cells that cause inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS).

Siponimod (Mayzent)

This drug is an immunomodulator that works by blocking interleukin-6 receptor signaling pathways in T-cells and B-cells, which causes them to produce less proinflammatory cytokines. It also blocks other proinflammatory cytokine receptors on lymphocytes, monocytes and dendritic cells.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Neck/Cervical/Head

How can leg braces help treat multiple sclerosis MS?

Ankle-foot braces are designed to provide support to the foot and ankle while allowing full mobility. They’re used to treat a number of conditions, including arthritis, tendonitis, sprains and strains, postoperative recovery, and more.

For people with MS, an ankle-foot brace can help relieve pain associated with walking and standing as well as assist with balance and stability during activities like running or jumping.

Related Device/Equipment

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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Orthomed Shoulder Brace

$ 280.00

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

$ 280.00

Orthomed Shoulder Brace

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