Medial Collateral Ligament Sprain

Medial Collateral Ligament sprain

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Recommended Exercise

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Medial Collateral Ligament sprain

Knee

What is Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

A Medial Collateral Ligament sprain is a tear in the ligament that connects your thigh bone to your shin bone. It is most common in athletes who play sports such as soccer, football, and basketball.

Symptoms include pain and swelling in your knee joint, especially when you move it or place pressure on it. You may also experience bruising and tenderness around the joint.

What are the types of Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

Medial collateral ligament (MCL) sprains are classified as Grade I, II, or III based on the severity of the injury. A Grade I MCL sprain results in mild pain and swelling. A Grade II MCL sprain is characterized by moderate pain and swelling, while a Grade III MCL sprain causes severe pain and significant swelling.

  1. Grade I Medial Collateral Ligament sprain, which is a mild ligament injury that causes swelling and pain in the knee, but no instability or giving way. This type of sprain can be treated with rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE), and anti-inflammatory medication. It will heal on its own within 7 to 10 days.
  2. Grade II Medial Collateral Ligament sprain, which causes moderate instability in the knee joint, causing pain when you bend your knee and walk. Your doctor may recommend physical therapy to strengthen the muscles around your knee joint and reduce swelling. A brace may also be prescribed to help stabilize your knee while it heals; this may take up to 6 weeks.
  3. Grade III Medial Collateral Ligament sprain is a severe tear that requires surgery for repair or reconstruction of the ligament; there may be some displacement of bone fragments from their normal position as well as significant instability of the knee joint that causes pain when walking or bending your leg at all

How to diagnose Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

The best way to diagnose a medial collateral ligament sprain is by examining your knee and checking for tenderness, swelling, and instability. If you notice any of these symptoms, then chances are that you have sprained your medial collateral ligament.

What are the symptoms of Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

Symptoms of a medial collateral ligament sprain include:

  • Pain and tenderness around the outside of your knee, especially when you move it.
  • Swelling and bruising on the outside of your knee, which may get worse over time.
  • Instability in your knee joint (you might feel like it’s giving out).

What are the causes of Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

Medial collateral ligament (MCL) sprain is an injury to the medial collateral ligament that occurs when it is stretched or torn by a forceful blow to the outside of your knee.

There are various causes for MCL injuries, including:

  • Falling on an outstretched leg
  • Ankle injury, especially if you twist your foot while running
  • A sudden stop or change in direction, such as when you try to stop after running fast or slow down suddenly when playing sports

What are the risk factors for Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

The risk factors for medial collateral ligament sprain include:

  • Participating in high-risk sports such as soccer, basketball, football, skiing and snowboarding.
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Having weak thigh muscles (quadriceps).
  • Walking or running on uneven or slippery surfaces
  • Knee stress, especially during sports
  • Injury to the knee ligaments in the past

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the exercises for Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

If you have a medial collateral ligament sprain, your doctor may recommend exercises to strengthen the muscles around your knee and help it heal faster.

Try these simple exercises:

Passive Knee Extension

This exercise helps with your range of motion and strengthens the muscles around your knee joint.

Lie on your back with both knees bent at 90 degrees. Use a towel or strap to wrap around the ball of your foot and hold it down while you slowly straighten your knee. Hold for 5 seconds at the top of the motion, then slowly return to the starting position. Repeat 10 times per day.

Heel Slide

This exercise helps strengthen the muscles around your hip and knee joints, helping them to work better together when moving around during daily activities such as walking or running.

Sit on the floor with both legs straight out in front of you and your heels together. Slide them apart as far as they will go without pain or discomfort; then slide them back together again slowly until they touch (don’t let them bump!). Do this 10 times per day.

What are the treatments for Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

Treatment for Medial Collateral Ligament sprain depends on the severity of the injury.

In mild cases, the initial treatment may include:

  • Resting the joint and avoiding activities that cause pain or discomfort
  • Using crutches to keep weight off of your knee until it heals
  • Applying ice to relieve pain and swelling

If your injury is more severe, you may need surgery to repair torn ligaments and reconstruct damaged tendons. After surgery, physical therapy will help you recover from your injury.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What brace is used for Medial Collateral Ligament sprain?

The hinged-knee brace is used for a Medial Collateral Ligament sprain.

This injury occurs when the ligament on the inner side of your knee is sprained. You may develop this injury if you twist your knee while walking or running, or if you fall and land on your knee. A Medial Collateral Ligament sprain can cause pain, swelling, and bruising in your knee joint.

The hinged-knee brace helps to stabilize your knee and protect it from further injury while it heals.

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