What is Knee Sprain?
A knee sprain occurs when a ligament – the tough tissue that connects two bones – is torn or overstretched.
The most common type of knee sprain is an anterior cruciate ligament tear. This injury occurs when you rotate your knee inward and the knee buckles or gives way.
Knee sprains are common among athletes who play basketball, football and soccer; runners; skaters; gymnasts; dancers; hikers; mountaineers; skiers; surfers; snowboarders; skateboarders; roller-skiers and inline skaters.
What are the types of Knee Sprain?
Knee sprains are among the most common injuries sustained by athletes. Knee sprains can be caused by sudden movements or twisting motions, such as those that occur during sports activity or exercise.
The most common types of knee sprains include:
Medial collateral ligament (MCL) sprain
The MCL is located on the inside of the knee and helps stabilize it when you bend or straighten your leg. An MCL sprain occurs when this ligament is stretched beyond its normal range of motion.
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprain
The ACL is a long band of tissue that runs through the center of the knee joint, connecting your thighbone to your shinbone. ACL injuries often involve tearing of one or more of these ligaments.
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) sprain
The PCL connects your thighbone to your shinbone, and stabilizes the back part of your knee joint. A PCL injury can cause pain behind your knee cap and swelling in this area.
Lateral collateral ligament (LCL) sprain
Your lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is located on each side of your knee joint and connects your femur bone to your fibula bone. An LCL sprain is when the LCL has been pulled too far past its normal position.
What are the causes of Knee Sprain?
The most common cause of a knee sprain is a twisting type of movement that results in one or more ligaments being stretched beyond their normal range.
- Lack of flexibility or muscle weakness in your thigh muscles and/or hip muscles
- A sudden change in direction while running, jumping or landing from a jump
- Landing awkwardly after stepping up or down from something
- Twisting your knee when you land from a jump
- Overstretching the ligaments that hold your knee together
- Loss of balance during movement
- A direct blow to the front, side or back of your knee
What are the symptoms of Knee Sprain?
The symptoms of knee sprain are pain, swelling, and stiffness in the knee. You may also have difficulty moving the knee or feel a pop or snap when the injury occurred.
Other symptoms of a knee sprain include:
- Pain in your knee, which may increase when you move or straighten your leg
- Swelling in and around your knee
- Tenderness when pressing on your knee cap
- Limited range of motion
How To prevent Knee Sprain?
The best way to prevent knee sprains is to strengthen your muscles with exercises like squats and lunges. You should also stretch before you exercise and after you exercise.
Here’s how to prevent knee sprains:
- Stretch before exercising to reduce the risk of injury.
- Warm up and cool down regularly, especially if you’re new to exercise.
- Do not run or jump on a hard surface, such as concrete or asphalt; instead, use grass or a softer surface.
- Avoid walking on uneven surfaces like gravel or cobblestones.
- If you play sports, wear protective gear such as knee pads, which will help prevent injuries when you fall down while playing sports such as soccer or basketball.
What are the treatments for Knee Sprain?
The treatments for Knee Sprain are:
- Rest the knee
- Ice the knee for 15 minutes at a time, 4 times a day
- Elevate the leg above the heart for 20 minutes at a time, 3 times a day.
- Stay off your feet as much as possible.
- Wearing a compression bandage to support the joints
- Using crutches if you cannot bear weight on the leg
Medical Therapies for Knee Sprain
The following medical therapies can help relieve pain from a knee sprain:
Ice: Ice helps reduce pain and swelling by decreasing blood flow to the area, which reduces swelling. It also decreases nerve activity, which will help reduce pain.
Compression: Compression increases blood flow to the area by increasing pressure on the affected area. This can help reduce swelling and increase healing rates by improving circulation in and around the injured tissue.
Elevation: Elevation helps reduce inflammation by increasing venous return while reducing lymphatic drainage from the injured area, thus reducing swelling in that region (and therefore pain).
What are the exercises for Knee Sprain?
For a knee sprain, it’s important to stretch the hamstring and quadriceps muscles. Here are sone exercises help you strengthen your quadriceps muscles:
Static quads is a great way to strengthen your quadriceps muscles, which will help stabilize your knee during physical activity. To do this exercise, stand with one foot propped up on a bench or step, knee bent at 90 degrees. With the other leg straight out in front of you, hold for 30 seconds at a time. Do this three times per day.
Passive knee extension
Passive knee extension is another great exercise for strengthening your quadriceps muscles and helping them support the weight of your body as you move around. This exercise works best if done with someone else, so find a friend who can help support your leg while it’s being moved through its full range of motion!
You can do this exercise on a step or with your own body weight. You can also use the machine at the gym. The calf raise helps to strengthen your muscles and thus, it reduces the risk of injuries like knee sprain in the future.
Leg press is another good exercise that helps you to strengthen your muscles and avoid knee sprains in future. You can do this exercise with a dumbbell or with a machine at the gym.
Straight leg raises
This exercise helps you to strengthen your core muscles and also prevents injuries like knee sprain in future. You can perform this exercise on the floor or by lying down on the edge of the bed with legs straightened up towards ceiling.
Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device
What brace is perfect for Knee Sprain?
Knee sprains are one of the most common injuries, and if you have a knee brace, it can help your recovery.
Double Wrap Braces
Double Wrap Braces are another great choice for people who want a little extra support while recovering from a knee sprain. Double wrap braces provide two layers of compression around your knee joint, which helps stabilize the area while also relieving pain caused by swelling or inflammation.
Hinged Knee Braces
Hinged Knee Braces offer more support than elastic or double-wrapped braces because they lock into place with hinges at each end of the brace so that it holds your knee in place without slipping out of place when you walk or move around during daily activities like work or exercise routines (such as walking).
Orthomed Shoulder Brace
Orthomed Shoulder Brace
Orthomed Shoulder Brace
Orthomed Shoulder Brace