Knee Pain

Knee Pain

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Knee Pain

Knee

What is Knee Pain?

Knee pain is defined as any discomfort, swelling or inflammation in the knee joint. It can be caused by a number of conditions including ruptured ligament or torn cartilage. It is often the result of injury but can also be caused by arthritis, infections, overuse, or gout.

What are the types of Knee Pain?

There are many types of knee pain:

Knee joint pain – This type of knee pain is caused by an injury or strain to the ligaments, tendons and muscles in the knee. This type of knee pain can be caused by a fall, sports injury, overuse or even arthritis.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) – This type of knee pain is also known as runner’s knee or chondromalacia patellae. It occurs when your kneecap rubs against your thighbone (femur) when you bend and straighten your knee.

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) – This type of knee pain occurs when cartilage wears away from the joint between your thighbone and shinbone.

Arthritis – Arthritis is a general term for inflammation of a joint and can cause swelling, pain, and stiffness in your knees.

Chondromalacia patella (also known as runner’s knee) – Also known as chondromalacia, this is a degenerative condition that causes inflammation and pain in the patella. This can result from overuse or trauma to the knee joint. The condition is most common in people who participate in sports involving running or jumping, but can also happen after an injury.

What are the causes of Knee Pain?

Knee pain is a common complaint, and it can have a variety of causes. The knee is a complex joint that consists of the lower end of the thigh bone (femur), the upper end of the shin bone (tibia), and the kneecap or patella. The bones are held together by ligaments, cartilage and tendons.

Knee pain may be caused by a variety of factors including:

  • Aging or wear and tear on the cartilage (articular cartilage) in the knee
  • Tightness in one or more muscles around your knee
  • Arthritis, which is an inflammatory condition affecting any part of your joint
  • Injury to your ligament(s) or tendon(s) around your knee
  • Inflammation of bursae, which are small sacs filled with fluid that help cushion and lubricate areas between bones or joints
  • Ankle sprains
  • Bursitis (swelling of the bursa) that develops over time due to repetitive motion or injury
  • Fibromyalgia (pain all over the body)
  • Meniscus tears (cartilage injuries in the knee joint)

What are the symptoms of Knee Pain?

Knee pain may be caused by any number of things, including injury, arthritis, overuse, or trauma. The most common causes include:

  • Repetitive stress on a specific area of your knee from running or other activities
  • An injury to your knee such as twisting it badly or falling on it
  • A sudden injury such as a fall or blow to your knee
  • Arthritis or another condition affecting your knees
  • Pain when walking or climbing stairs
  • Swelling around your knee
  • Difficulty moving your knee in certain directions
  • Pain that worsens with activity and improves with rest
  • Swelling behind the knee
  • A burning sensation in the knee area
  • Tenderness when pressing on the tendon below your kneecap (patellar tendon)

How to prevent Knee Pain?

The first step toward preventing knee pain is to know your risk factors. The most common risk factors for developing knee pain include:

Age: Knee problems are more common in older adults and can develop at any age.

Gender: Women are more likely than men to experience knee problems.

Obesity: Being overweight increases your risk of developing arthritis in the knees.

Physical activity: People who participate in sports that involve repetitive pounding on the knees (such as football) are more likely to develop knee problems later in life.

Here are some tips on how to prevent knee pain:

  • Get up and move around every hour or so. This will help blood flow throughout your body and relieve pressure on your knees.
  • Sit with good posture. Your knees should be slightly bent and your legs should be at a 90-degree angle from your hips. If possible, sit on a chair with armrests so that you don’t slouch forward or bend at the waist when sitting down for long periods of time (which can cause back pain).
  • Wear shoes with shock absorption soles if possible because this will reduce the pressure on your knees while walking or running over uneven surfaces (like grass).

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the treatments for Knee Pain?

There are several treatments for knee pain, but the most common treatment is physical therapy. Physical therapy can help you reduce your pain and strengthen your knee muscles.

Other treatments include:

  • Physical therapy: Physical therapists use exercises, stretching, heat and cold treatments, electrical stimulation, ultrasound and massage to help reduce your pain.
  • Ice packs: Ice helps reduce swelling and inflammation in your knee. This can help relieve pain.
  • Medications: Your doctor may prescribe medication to help reduce inflammation and relieve pain.
  • Home treatments include:
  • Applying ice packs or heating pads to the knee
  • Using elastic bandages or compression garments around the knee to provide support and reduce swelling

What are the exercises for Knee Pain?

Here are some of the most effective exercises for knee pain:

Quadriceps Stretch – This is one of the best stretches you can do if you have knee pain. It helps lengthen the quadriceps muscles, which support the knee joint.

Hamstring Stretch – Stretching your hamstrings will help relieve tension in your lower back and hips, which may be contributing to your knee pain.

Ankle Mobility Exercises – If your ankles are stiff or tight, it can affect how well you walk and run—and also lead to knee pain! Try doing ankle mobility exercises every day for 10 minutes at a time to keep them flexible and healthy.

Squats: Squats can help improve your balance and flexibility in the hips, thighs, hamstrings, and calves. They are also an excellent lower-body exercise that can strengthen your knees.

Step-ups: Step-ups are another good lower body exercise that can help strengthen your knees by improving balance and coordination.

Lunge: This exercise strengthens the muscles around your knees while also helping improve balance and coordination.

Heel Raise: This exercise increases flexibility in your ankles and calves while also strengthening the muscles around your knees.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What type of brace is used for Knee Pain?

There are many different types of braces available for treating knee pain, including:

  • Knee sleeves
  • Knee wraps
  • Knee braces

The most common type is a hinged brace, which wraps around the knee and provides support by distributing pressure evenly across the joint.

Hinged braces are often used to treat patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), which occurs when there is inflammation or irritation of the cartilage underneath your kneecap.

Knee sleeves are made of thick neoprene material and are designed to provide support for the entire knee area, including the patella (kneecap). Knee sleeves are best suited for mild knee pain.

Knee wraps are made of elastic bandage material that wraps around the knee area. They provide more support than knee sleeves and are better suited for moderate to severe knee pain.

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