Genu Valgum

Genu Valgum

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Genu Valgum

Knee

What is Genu valgum?

Genu valgum, also known as ‘knock-knee,’ is a condition that causes your knees to bend inward. It’s a common condition for people whose bones are weak, or have had surgery on their legs.

It is common in young children, but can also occur in older people. This condition happens when your knees are not properly aligned with each other. This can happen because either one or both of your legs are shorter than the other. It can also happen if you have weak muscles in your thigh and calf, which causes your knee to turn inward.

What are the types of Genu valgum?

There are two types of genu valgum: physiologic (normal growth and development) and pathologic.

Physiologic Genu Valgum

Physiologic genu valgum is present at birth and may resolve as the child grows. It is caused by an imbalance in muscle strength on each side of the knee joint. The quadriceps muscle group on the outside of your thigh pulls your leg outward while the hamstring muscle group on the inside of your thigh pulls it inward. When these two groups are not balanced, one side of your hip falls inward while the other side moves outward, causing your knees to bend inward.

Pathologic Genu Valgum

Pathologic genu valgum can be caused by a number of conditions, including multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (a bone and cartilage disorder affecting ends of leg bones), rickets, or previous metaphyseal fractures of the proximal tibia (called “Cozen’s Phenomenon”).

How to diagnose Genu valgum?

Genu valgum, or “knock knees,” is a condition in which the knees are bent inward. This happens because the femur and tibia bones do not meet properly at the knee joint.

To diagnose genu valgum, a doctor will:

  • Examine how the knees look in different positions
  • Ask you to walk and bend your knees
  • Compare your knees with other people’s

What are the symptoms of Genu valgum?

Symptoms of genu valgum include:

  • Splaying of the knee joint
  • A sensation of instability in the knee
  • Pain at the back of the knee
  • A clicking sound when walking
  • Weakness in your quadriceps muscles (the muscles at the front of your thighs), which can result in knee buckling during sports or exercise;
  • Swelling, redness, and tenderness around your knees;
  • Pain when walking up stairs;
  • Feeling like you’re walking on tip toes all day long because your feet are turned outward so much;

What are the causes of Genu valgum?

Genu valgum can be present at birth or it can develop later in life. The main cause of genu valgum is an imbalance between the muscles on the inside and outside of your knee joints. When this happens, your knees tend to turn inward (valgus).

Other factors that may contribute to genu valgum include:

  • An inherited predisposition for the condition
  • Injury to your lower leg bones (femur) or joints (tibia)
  • Deformities of your ankle bones (talus)         

What are the risk factors for Genu valgum?

The risk factors for Genu valgum include:

  • Genetic conditions, like Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, homocystinuria, and Stickler syndrome
  • Anatomic abnormalities, like bony deformities or ligament laxity (especially in the knee)
  • Rheumatologic disorders such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Neurologic disorders such as spinal cord injuries or cerebral palsy
  • Musculoskeletal conditions like ankylosing spondylitis and osteonecrosis

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the exercises for Genu valgum?

Exercises for Genu valgum are a great way to strengthen and correct your stance. Whether you’re dealing with pain or just want to get off the couch, these exercises will be sure to help.

Kickbacks

This exercise is great for strengthening the muscles in your legs and knees.

Stand on one leg with your back straight and your knee bent at a 90 degree angle. Then, kick back with your other foot behind you as far as possible without bending over or leaning backwards. Do this 20 times on each side, 3 times per day.

Lunges

This exercise is great for strengthening the muscles in your thighs and hips, as well as improving balance and posture.

Start by standing straight up with your feet together, then step forward into a lunge until both knees are bent at 90 degrees angles (with hands on hips if desired). Return to standing position before repeating on other side for 20 repetitions total per leg daily for best results; try adding weight if needed!

Exercise Band Squats

This exercise is great for strengthening the muscles in your legs, hips and glutes while also improving balance and posture when done correctly (which can take some time).

To do this exercise, stand up straight with one foot forward and one foot back. Put a resistance band around your ankles and cross the bands at the back of your feet (you may need to loop them through each other). Next, bend both knees until they are at 90 degrees (don’t let them go past this point). Finally, push yourself back up into a standing position using only your front leg muscles.

What are the treatments for Genu valgum?

The treatments for Genu valgum include:

  • Taping the knee to straighten it
  • Strapping to keep the knee stable
  • Surgery to straighten the knee

Physical therapy

Physical therapists can help strengthen and stabilize the muscles around your knee joints to prevent them from bowing inward. This may also help reduce pain caused by genu valgum.

Orthotics

Orthotics are special inserts that can be placed in shoes to help align your feet and legs so that they move more naturally into proper alignment. They’re often prescribed for people with genu valgum because they can help stabilize your knees and prevent further injury from occurring if you have existing damage from this condition already present before starting treatment plans such as physical therapy or other methods listed here today!

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What brace is used for Genu valgum?

Corrective leg braces are a type of device that can help correct the way your knee bends and straighten it out. They’re used to treat genu valgum (also called knock-knee), which is when your legs bend inward at the knees, making your feet point inwards.

Genu valgum is common in children who have trouble walking, but it’s also seen in adults. If you have genu valgum and want to know what brace is best for you, talk to your doctor or physical therapist!

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