Ganglion Cyst

Ganglion Cyst

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Ganglion Cyst

Hand

What is Ganglion Cyst?

Ganglion cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in the joints or between tendons and bones. Ganglion cysts aren’t a serious health problem, but they can cause pain and irritation in some people.

Ganglion cysts often form on or near a joint or tendon, but they can also appear on the skin around a joint. They’re usually small round bumps less than 1 inch (2.5 centimeters) wide. They may be hard to see, but you’ll feel them when you press down on the area where they’re located.

Ganglion cysts are generally harmless, but if one becomes infected or grows larger than 6 centimeters (about 2 1/2 inches), it may need to be removed surgically.

What are the types of Ganglion Cyst?

There are three types of ganglion cysts, each with different symptoms and causes.

Epidermoid cysts

These are the most common type of ganglion cyst and are typically found in the wrist or hand. They contain clear fluid and can be painful if they grow large enough to interfere with movement.

Dermoid cysts

These are often found on the back of the hand or wrist and may cause pain similar to that of an epidermoid cyst if they grow large enough. Because they contain more solid material than epidermoid cysts, dermoid cysts can be distinguished by a bump that feels like a small piece of meat or fat when pressed against the skin.

Trigeminal neuralgia

This is caused by compression from nearby nerves in the face, head, or neck region. It can cause pain in any part of your face that’s affected by trigeminal neuralgia (such as your lips).

What are the causes of Ganglion Cyst?

The causes of ganglion cysts are not completely understood, but they are thought to be caused by a problem with the lymphatic system.

The lymphatic system is responsible for removing waste products from our bodies, so when it doesn’t work properly, the result can be a buildup of fluid in the body. This buildup may then cause lumps or bumps under the skin to form, which we know as ganglion cysts.

What are the symptoms of Ganglion Cyst?

The most common symptom of a ganglion cyst is a bump or lump on the affected area. It’s usually painless and moves with your finger or thumb joint when pressed against it. Other symptoms may include:

  • A tingling sensation in your finger or thumb when you touch the cyst
  • Pain in your finger or thumb
  • Stiffness in your finger or thumb joint

What are the risk factors for Ganglion Cyst?

Ganglion cysts are a common, painless condition that affects your hands and feet. They can form as a result of a “bump” or minor injury to the joint. The bump is actually a collection of fluid, called a ganglion, which forms around your ligament or tendon.

The risk factors for developing ganglion cysts include:

  • Having diabetes or gout
  • Having rheumatoid arthritis or other autoimmune disorders
  • Being overweight or obese

Recommended Exercise

Hand

What are the exercises for Ganglion Cyst?

There are several types of exercises that your doctor may recommend for treating a ganglion cyst: passive ROM exercises, active ROM exercises, and strengthening exercises with and without weights.

Passive ROM Exercises

These exercises involve moving your wrist through its full range of motion while the joint is held still by something else—like a partner’s hands or a strap secured around your wrist. You should do these exercises at least twice a day for 10 minutes each time.

Active ROM Exercises

These exercises involve moving your wrist through its full range of motion without any support from anything else—you’re just going to move it as far as it can go on its own power (like while doing yoga). You should do these exercises at least twice per week for 10 minutes each time.

Strengthening Exercises

Strengthening exercises are important because they help to stabilize and strengthen the joint where the cyst forms. Finger extensions are key because they help keep the joint flexible while strengthening it at the same time. Grip exercises are also important because they will help improve mobility in your fingers and hands—two things that are often restricted by a ganglion cyst.

What are the treatments for Ganglion Cyst?

Treatment for a ganglion cyst depends on its size and location. If it’s small and not causing pain or discomfort, you may want to wait and watch it over time to see if it grows or shrinks. If it’s large or causes discomfort, your doctor may recommend treatment options such as freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy), removing the cyst through surgery or injecting cortisone into the area around the cyst to help decrease inflammation and swelling.

The most common treatment is to remove the cyst via surgical excision. This procedure typically involves an incision on the affected area and removal of the cyst. It can be performed under local or general anesthesia, depending on your preference and what your surgeon feels is best for you.

Another option is to inject corticosteroid into the ganglion cyst in order to reduce swelling and inflammation. This may be done with a needle or by using ultrasound guidance. The injection will help reduce pain and inflammation, allowing you to continue with your regular activities without too much discomfort.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Hand

What brace is used for Ganglion Cyst?

A ganglion cyst can be treated with a splint or wrist brace. You can use these to immobilize your wrist, which may relieve your symptoms and allow the cyst to decrease in size.

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