Femoral Neck Fracture

Femoral Neck Fracture

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Femoral Neck Fracture

Hips

What is Femoral Neck Fracture?

Femoral neck fractures are a common type of hip fracture, and occur when the ball at the top of your thighbone (femur) cracks or breaks. The femoral neck is the upper end of your femur where it meets with your pelvis. This type of fracture is very painful and often requires surgery to repair.

If you have a femoral neck fracture, you will likely experience pain in your groin area and have trouble walking. You may notice swelling or bruising around your groin as well, which could indicate internal bleeding.

Femoral neck fractures are more common in older adults than younger ones. They’re also more common in women and people who have osteoporosis or other conditions that cause brittle bones (osteopenia).

What are the types of Femoral Neck Fracture?

The femoral neck fracture is a fracture of the proximal end of the femur. It is also called a neck fracture, subtrochanteric fracture and infracondylar fracture. The term femoral neck fracture covers a wide variety of injuries that range from very mild to severe.

Grade I (mild)

This type of injury may occur in young people who are active, but do not participate in high-impact activities. Grade I fractures result from direct trauma such as falling on an outstretched hand or twisting the knee.

Grade II (moderate)

Injuries in this category are usually caused by a fall from standing height onto an outstretched hand, or by running into something solid while playing sports. Fractures in this category may be accompanied by joint dislocation or ligament injury.

Grade III (severe)

This type of injury occurs when there is a direct blow to the front of the thighbone, causing it to break apart at its weakest point (the subtrochanteric region). A fall from standing height onto an outstretched hand with great force can cause this type of fracture as well.

Grade IV

All other grades including those involving multiple fragments (more than one piece broken off at once), complications like arthritis afterwards even after successful surgical treatment.

What are the causes of Femoral Neck Fracture?

A femoral neck fracture can occur when there is trauma to the lower part of the femur.

There are several causes for a femoral neck fracture:

  • Hip fracture
  • Osteoporosis (a disease where bones become weak)
  • Infection in bone
  • Compression from osteoarthritis

What are the symptoms of Femoral Neck Fracture?

The most common symptom of a Femoral Neck Fracture is pain, but there are many other symptoms that may be present.

Other symptoms include:

  • Swelling around the hip area
  • Pain in your groin or thigh
  • Difficulty walking or sitting down
  • Pain that is not relieved by resting or taking pain medications
  • Swelling or bruising
  • Limited range of motion in the hip joint
  • Difficulty walking or standing

What are the risk factors for Femoral Neck Fracture?

There are a number of risk factors for femoral neck fracture. The most common risk factors include:

  • Age (the elderly are at higher risk)
  • Previous hip or knee replacement surgery
  • Prior broken hip
  • Osteoporosis (the disease that causes bones to become weak and brittle)
  • Low body weight or low muscle mass
  • History of previous femoral neck fracture

Recommended Exercise

Hips

What are the exercises for Femoral Neck Fracture?

If you have a femoral neck fracture, it’s important to follow your doctor’s orders for physical therapy and healing so that you can return to normal activity as soon as possible.

In addition to following your doctor’s orders for physical therapy, here are some exercises we recommend for people with femoral neck fractures:

Hip Circles

Circle your hips in clockwise and counterclockwise directions. Make sure to do this exercise slowly and under control so that you don’t move your hip too much, which might cause pain.

Straight Leg Raises

Lie on your back with a pillow under your head, knees bent at 90 degrees and feet flat on the floor. Slowly raise one leg until it is parallel to the ground and then return it to the starting position. Repeat with other leg

Walking

Walking is an excellent way to improve mobility and range of motion in your hip area. You should walk every day until your doctor gives you permission to stop walking on crutches or using a cane.

Squats

Squats are another great way to improve mobility and range of motion in your hip area. Try doing 10 squats three times per day while standing up straight with feet shoulder-width apart. Hold onto something if necessary until you feel comfortable squatting without assistance from another person or object nearby!

What are the treatments for Femoral Neck Fracture?

The treatments for Femoral Neck Fracture are:

Surgery

A surgical procedure can be used to repair the fractured femur. The doctor will make a cut through the skin and soft tissue down to the thighbone to expose the fracture site. The doctor then aligns the broken bones with plates, screws, or wires, followed by healing of the soft tissues.

Nonsurgical treatment

If your doctor does not think you need surgery, you may be treated with casts or braces that hold your leg in place until it heals on its own. Your doctor may also recommend physical therapy after your injury to help prevent stiffness or loss of mobility in your leg.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Hips

What brace is used for Femoral Neck Fracture?

For a femoral neck fracture, the brace used is a femoral cast-brace. It’s designed to protect the femoral neck from moving during and after healing.

The femoral cast-brace is made from cloth, leather and metal wires. The brace is held in place by straps that go around both legs and attach to the bottom of the brace. This helps to keep the brace in place next to your hip and thigh while you move around.

When you have a femoral neck fracture, your doctor may prescribe crutches or a walker as part of your recovery plan. These are important tools for helping you move around safely while wearing this type of brace.

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