DIP Joint Osteoarthritis

DIP Joint Osteoarthritis

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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DIP Joint Osteoarthritis

Hand

What is DIP Joint Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP) is a degenerative joint disease that causes inflammation, pain and stiffness in the joints. The condition usually affects the middle finger and thumb joints.

The symptoms of Osteoarthritis of DIP joint include pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. The pain may get worse when you use the affected joint for activities such as walking or bending your fingers. It is usually worse at night or after inactivity during the day than during the daytime hours.

What are the types of DIP Joint Osteoarthritis?

There are three main types of DIP Joint Osteoarthritis:

  1. Primary osteoarthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) is the most common form of arthritis in the hand. It occurs when a bone in your finger becomes inflamed or breaks down, leading to pain and stiffness in your finger joints. This can occur when you’re young or old, although it’s more common in older people and those who have rheumatoid arthritis.
  2. Secondary osteoarthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) occurs when other conditions that cause inflammation, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout or psoriatic arthritis, cause damage to your fingers’ bones and joints.
  3. Traumatic injury to your distal interphalangeal joint may cause bone spurs or fractures that lead to osteoarthritis over time.

What are the causes of DIP Joint Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis of the DIP joint is a type of arthritis that involves the joint at the tip of your finger.

  • The disorder is caused by wear and tear on the cartilage of your joints, which causes inflammation and pain.
  • It’s common in people who are over 50 years old and have started to experience symptoms such as stiffness or swelling in their hands.
  • The disease can also be caused by repetitive strain injuries, like those that occur from typing or playing instruments.

What are the symptoms of DIP Joint Osteoarthritis?

The symptoms of Osteoarthritis of the DIP joint include:

  • Pain in your fingers, especially at night when you are resting
  • Stiffness in your fingers
  • Swelling in your fingers (especially when you wake up)
  • Decreased range of motion in your fingers

What are the risk factors for DIP Joint Osteoarthritis?

Risk factors for OA of the DIP joint include:

Age – As you get older, you are more likely to develop OA.

Gender – Women are more likely than men to develop OA due to hormonal changes that occur with menopause.

Obesity – Excess weight puts stress on your joints while they are under pressure from activities such as walking or running.

Genetics – If a parent or sibling has arthritis, you may be at increased risk for developing it yourself.

Recommended Exercise

Hand

What are the exercises for DIP Joint Osteoarthritis?

The exercises for osteoarthritis of the DIP joint are designed to improve flexibility, joint mobility, and strength. All of these will help reduce pain and increase the strength of your fingers.

  • The first exercise is called “finger extension.” This involves extending your fingers out as far as you can without bending them back. You should do this 20 times per day.
  • The second exercise is called “finger flexion.” This involves bending your fingers in towards your palm as far as they will go without bending them back. You should also do this 20 times per day.
  • The third exercise is called “finger abduction.” To do this, extend one finger at a time out to the side while keeping the others straight and pressed against your palm. Do this 10 times per day with each finger individually (don’t make any fists).

What are the treatments for DIP Joint Osteoarthritis?

DIP joint osteoarthritis can be treated with medication, physical therapy, and surgery.

Medication

Medications that are used to treat DIP joint osteoarthritis include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen or naproxen sodium. These medications are often prescribed after an injury or surgical procedure to reduce inflammation and pain.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is often prescribed for patients with DIP joint osteoarthritis in order to improve range of motion and help prevent further damage to the joint. A physical therapist may recommend exercises such as stretching, strengthening, and flexibility training to help improve your condition.

They may also recommend using assistive devices like wrist splints or braces to help support your wrist while it heals from its injury. When performing these exercises at home, you should always consult with your doctor first before beginning any new exercise routine as it may not be safe for everyone based on their individual health condition at this time.”

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Hand

What brace is used for DIP Joint Osteoarthritis?

If you have DIP joint osteoarthritis, a finger splint may be the best option for you. A finger splint is a device that is worn on one or more fingers to provide support and stability to the joints.

The splint can help prevent the finger from bending too much or hyperextending, which can cause pain and inflammation in the joint. The splint may also help reduce swelling and improve circulation to the area of your hand that has been affected by Osteoarthritis.

A finger splint will not cure your condition, but it can help relieve symptoms and make your daily activities easier to perform without causing further injury or discomfort.

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