Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis

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Recommended Exercise

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Deep Vein Thrombosis

Leg

What is Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Deep vein thrombosis, or DVT, is a blood clot that develops in the deep veins of the lower leg or thigh. It’s a common condition, especially if you’re older and have other health problems.

The blood clot can be painful and cause swelling in your leg. You may also develop a fever because bacteria may enter the clot and cause an infection.

If you have DVT, you’re at risk of having a pulmonary embolism (PE). A PE occurs when part of the clot breaks off from its original location in one of the deep veins in your leg or thigh and travels to your lungs. The PE can cause severe chest pain (angina) and difficulty breathing.

What are the types of Deep Vein Thrombosis?

There are 2 types of DVT:

Acute DVT

It is also called a thrombophlebitis, and it occurs quickly after an injury or surgery that causes damage to the vein wall. The clots can break loose and travel through the bloodstream, or they may dissolve on their own. Acute DVT usually affects only one leg, but it can sometimes affect both legs at the same time.

Chronic DVT

This condition develops slowly over time and involves multiple veins in both legs. The clots that form are deep inside the veins and rarely cause symptoms until they break free from their site of formation and become lodged in smaller blood vessels in other parts of your body (usually in your lungs).

What are the causes of Deep Vein Thrombosis?

There are many causes of deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Some of the most common causes include:

  • Prolonged sitting or standing for long periods of time
  • Age and family history (the risk increases with age, especially after age 60)
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy and/or hormonal birth control pills (some types)
  • Blood clotting disorders

What are the symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis?

The main symptoms of DVT are:

  • Pain, swelling, or tenderness in one of your legs
  • Warmth and redness in one of your legs
  • Swelling in the leg that may be painful when you touch it

What are the risk factors for Deep Vein Thrombosis?

The risk factors for Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) are:

  1. Staying in one position for a long period of time
  2. Being overweight or obese
  3. Having a clotting disorder such as hemophilia, cancer, or taking certain medications that increase the risk of blood clots
  4. Having a family history of DVT
  5. Having surgery within the last 6 months

Recommended Exercise

Leg

What are the exercises for Deep Vein Thrombosis?

The exercises for deep vein thrombosis are easy, and you can do them right at home.

To start, you should move your legs as much as possible. You should also try to get up and walk around every hour. This will help to increase blood flow in your legs and prevent clots from forming.

If you have a hard time getting up and walking around, you can try sitting on an exercise ball instead of a chair at work or in the office. This will help increase circulation in your lower body.

You should also try to avoid sitting for long periods of time by taking breaks throughout the day and moving around for a few minutes every hour or so.

If this is impossible due to work requirements, make sure that when you do sit down, you keep moving your feet back and forth so that blood continues flowing throughout your body.

What are the treatments for Deep Vein Thrombosis?

The treatments for deep vein thrombosis are varied, depending on the severity of the condition.

If you have a mild case, your doctor may recommend getting up and walking around to help reduce swelling in your leg. You can also elevate your legs while sitting or lying down as well.

If you have a more serious case, your doctor may suggest blood thinners such as heparin or warfarin. These medications help prevent blood clots from forming and breaking apart. They also decrease the risk of further complications such as pulmonary embolism or DVT-related death.

Your doctor may also recommend compression stockings or elastic bandages to help reduce swelling in your legs and ankles while they heal.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Leg

What brace is used for Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices are used to treat deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a blood clot that forms in the legs.

The IPC device compresses your leg at regular intervals, helping to break up the clot and relieve swelling, pain and other symptoms.

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