Collateral Ligament Injury

Collateral Ligament Injury

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Collateral Ligament Injury

Knee

What is Collateral Ligament Injury?

A collateral ligament injury is a tear to the ligament that supports the knee joint. This type of injury usually occurs when the knee is bent and twisted, and it causes pain, swelling and popping or clicking in the joint.

The MCL (medial collateral ligament) and LCL (lateral collateral ligament) are the most common collateral ligaments to be injured. These ligaments help stabilize your knee joint and prevent it from further damage if you twist it or bend it too far backwards.

How does Collateral Ligament Injury occur?

The knee joint is connected by four ligaments, two inside and two outside. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) runs along the inside of the knee, connecting your thigh bone to your shin bone. The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) runs along the outside of your knee, connecting your thigh bone to your shin bone. These are called “collateral” because they run parallel to each other in opposite directions on either side of the joint.

When these ligaments become stretched or torn, it’s called an MCL or LCL tear respectively. This can happen during sports activities like basketball or skiing when you twist too hard, fall awkwardly onto one leg, or land on another player’s foot while running at full speed down court!

What are the types of Collateral Ligament Injury?

There are two types of collateral ligament injuries:

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury

The ACL is one of the strongest ligaments in your body. It connects the thigh bone to the shinbone, or tibia. An ACL injury can happen when someone lands awkwardly after jumping or pivoting. The injury may cause swelling and pain behind the knee.

Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury

The MCL is another strong ligament that runs along the inside edge of your knee joint from just above where your thigh bone meets your shinbone down to below where the kneecap meets your shinbone. A MCL injury can occur when someone lands awkwardly after jumping or pivoting. The injury may cause swelling and pain behind the knee.

What are the causes of Collateral Ligament Injury?

Collateral ligament injuries, also known as “knee sprains,” are quite common in sports. They occur when the ligaments are stretched or torn, often when a player moves their knee at an angle that is beyond its normal range of motion.

The most common symptom is pain on the side of the knee joint near where it meets the lower leg bone (femur). The pain may be worse when you bend your knee or walk downstairs.

In addition to physical symptoms, you may notice swelling around your knee joint and/or bruising along your thigh muscle (quadriceps).

The other most common causes of this injury include:

Abrasion: When one bone rubs against another, it can cause the ligaments to stretch or tear.

Joint Dislocation: When a joint is dislocated, the ligaments can be stretched or torn.

Tumor: Tumors can grow within the knee and put pressure on the joint and surrounding ligaments.

What are the symptoms of Collateral Ligament Injury?

The most common symptom of a collateral ligament injury is pain in the knee. The pain may be felt on either side of the knee or both sides. If you feel pain when you bend your knee or squat down, or if you hear a popping noise when you do these activities, this could be an indication that you have injured a collateral ligament. You may also notice swelling and bruising around your knee joint.

Other symptoms of a Collateral Ligament Injury include:

  • Pain and tenderness in the joint where the ligament is injured. It’s usually worse when you move that joint, but it can also hurt just sitting still.
  • You may hear a “pop” sound when it happens.
  • Your knee might feel unstable, or like it’s giving out on you.
  • Swelling around your knee joint
  • Limping or a feeling that you can’t trust your knee to work properly

How to prevent Collateral Ligament Injury?

The best way to prevent a collateral ligament injury is to avoid sudden twisting motions. If you have to make quick movements, try to move your knees and hips together rather than just one at a time.

There are several prevention strategies you can take to reduce your risk of this type of injury.

First, try to avoid activities that involve high-impact impact sports or running. These types of activities put extra pressure on your knees and increase the risk for injury.

Try replacing these activities with low-impact exercises like swimming, yoga, and pilates instead.

Consider wearing protective gear such as knee pads when engaging in physical activity to help prevent impact injuries such as Collateral Ligament Injury.

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the treatments for Collateral Ligament Injury?

Treatment options for a collateral ligament injury include:

-Resting the knee to allow for healing. This may mean taking time off from activities that put strain on the joint, such as running or cycling. You may also need to limit other activities that put stress on your knees, such as squats and lunges.

  • Wearing an elastic bandage around the injured knee can help reduce swelling and provide some support for the joint.
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medication may reduce pain and swelling while also allowing you to exercise without causing further damage to your joint.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What type of braces are used for Collateral Ligament Injury?

The most common types of braces used for collateral ligament injury are knee sleeves, wraps and hinged knee braces.

Knee sleeves are tight-fitting sleeves that go around the knee to support it and help reduce pain. They are usually made from neoprene or some other type of fabric that is breathable and durable. They can be worn under clothing or alone.

Knee wraps are similar to knee sleeves but offer more support for those who need extra support for their knees after an injury or surgery. They also come in different sizes so you can choose one that fits snugly around your knee without being too tight or too loose.

Hinged knee braces provide compression while they protect against further damage caused by inflammation due to overextending your knees while running/walking/playing sports etc. Hinged braces are designed specifically for athletes who want a more lightweight option than traditional metal hinges which tend to be heavy and bulky on their own (not recommended if you want something lightweight).

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