Clavicle Fracture

Clavicle Fracture

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Recommended Exercise

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Orthotic Device And Benefits

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Clavicle Fracture

Shoulder

What is Clavicle Fracture?

A clavicle fracture is a break in the collarbone. The collarbone, or clavicle, is located on each side of the upper chest and connects to the shoulder joint.

Because the collarbone provides support for the shoulder joint, a clavicle fracture can cause pain and limit movement of your arm.

What are the types of Clavicle Fracture?

Clavicle fractures are classified into three types based on the location of the fracture:

  • The first type is called a “sternoclavicular” fracture. This type of fracture is rare, as it occurs about 15-20% of all clavicle fractures. It’s usually caused by direct trauma to that portion of your clavicle—like a fall onto an outstretched hand from a height or a car accident.
  • The second type is called an “acromioclavicular” fracture. This is also known as a “separated shoulder” because it typically occurs when you forcefully pull your arm away from your body while it’s resting on your chest or shoulder. This type of fracture is more common than a sternoclavicular fracture, occurring in about 65% of all clavicle fractures.
  • The third type is called an “injury to the middle third”. This type makes up 85% of all clavicle fractures, with most occurring when one arm is raised above your head and another person pushes down on that arm.

What are the causes of Clavicle Fracture?

The clavicle is the collarbone, and it’s located between your shoulder and your sternum. Because it’s not a weight-bearing bone, it can be fractured in a variety of ways.

Here are some common causes:

  1. A fall on an outstretched arm
  2. A direct blow to the shoulder or upper chest area
  3. A motor vehicle accident (MVA) in which there is significant impact on the collarbone area

What are the symptoms of Clavicle Fracture?

It is important to know the symptoms of clavicle fracture. The most common symptom of clavicle fracture is pain in the shoulder and arm.

The pain can be sharp or dull, but it may get worse when you use your shoulder or raise your arm. The pain may also be worse when you breathe in deeply or cough. Some patients have referred pain to the neck, back or chest area as well.

The following are other symptoms that indicate that you may have a clavicle fracture:

  • Pain on touching an area around your collarbone
  • Pain while trying to move your arm in certain directions
  • Inability to move arm properly because of pain
  • A lump on your collarbone that appears after an injury

What are the risk factors for Clavicle Fracture?

Clavicle Fracture is a break of the collarbone. It is a common injury, occurring in 10% of all sports injuries. The fracture most commonly occurs in athletes who participate in contact sports, such as football and hockey. The risk factors for Clavicle Fracture include:

  • Being male (male athletes are two times more likely to sustain a clavicle fracture than female athletes)
  • Participating in sports with a high risk of falling or being hit with force (such as football and hockey)

Recommended Exercise

Shoulder

What are the exercises for Clavicle Fracture?

Exercises for clavicle fracture are as follows:

  1. Stretch the shoulder by raising your arm over your head with two fingers pointing upwards. Hold for 30 seconds and repeat 3 times every day.
  2. Stretch the shoulder by rotating your arm inward and upward from the outside of your body. Repeat 15 times every day.
  3. Stretch the shoulder by rotating it outward and downward from the inside of your body. Repeat 15 times every day.

What are the treatments for Clavicle Fracture?

There are many treatments for Clavicle Fracture.

The first treatment for a clavicle fracture is usually a sling or brace that supports the injured arm. A sling or brace helps keep the injured arm still while it heals, and also provides support to prevent further injury to other parts of the body.

If you have a fractured clavicle and experience ongoing pain or discomfort, you may need to see a doctor right away so they can determine if something else is causing your pain. If this is the case, then surgery may be required to remove any loose fragments from your fracture site and then provide stabilization before healing fully occurs.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Shoulder

What brace is used for Clavicle Fracture?

For a clavicle fracture, a figure-of-eight brace is used.

The figure of eight is an adjustable splint that keeps the arm and shoulder immobile while it heals. You will need to wear this brace for at least two weeks after your injury, and then continue to wear it for another two weeks after that if you still have pain or discomfort.

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