ACL Tear

ACL Tear

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ACL Tear

Knee

What is ACL Tear?

ACL Tear is a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). The ACL is one of the four major ligaments that stabilizes the knee.

The ACL connects the shin bone (tibia) to the thigh bone (femur) and helps prevent excessive forward movement of the tibia. An ACL tear can occur when you land from a jump or twist your knee in an awkward way.

What are the types of ACL Tear?

There are three types of ACL Tear:

Partial Tear – the ligament is partially torn but the knee still works.

Complete Tear – the ligament is completely torn, and the knee does not work as well as it did before the injury.

Ruptured ACL – the ligament is completely torn, and there is no knee stability

How to Diagnose ACL Tear?

Your doctor will likely diagnose an ACL tear by asking you about your symptoms and medical history. They’ll also examine your knee and perform a range of tests to determine whether you have torn your ACL.

When diagnosing an ACL tear, your doctor may ask about:

  • The injury that caused the symptoms
  • Your medical history, including any previous injuries or surgeries on the same leg
  • When you first noticed symptoms, such as swelling and pain in the knee area
  • How severe your symptoms are (for example, whether or not you can walk without pain)

Your doctor will also look at your knee for signs of injury. They may check it for swelling, tenderness, bruising or deformity (an unevenness in the shape).

Then they’ll do a series of tests to determine whether there’s been an injury to the ligament. These are known as clinical tests because they’re performed by a doctor who has already made a diagnosis based on other information from the patient’s medical history and physical exam findings.

What are the causes of ACL Tear?

ACL stands for anterior cruciate ligament. It’s one of the four major ligaments in the knee, and it connects the thigh bone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia). The ACL helps provide stability and control motion in the knee.

The most common causes of an ACL tear are:

  • A blow to the knee while playing sports such as soccer, football, basketball, or hockey
  • A sudden change in direction while running or jumping
  • Twisting your leg while playing sports like basketball or soccer
  • Landing awkwardly after jumping off a curb or stair step

What are the symptoms of ACL Tear?

ACL tears can cause a lot of different symptoms. The most common ones are:

  • Pain and swelling around the knee
  • A clicking or popping sound when you move your knee
  • Loss of strength in the leg
  • Instability in the knee

What are the risk factors of ACL Tear?

Risk factors for ACL tear include:

  • A history of previous knee injury or surgery
  • Being female (the risk of tearing your ACL is 3 to 4 times higher in women than men)
  • Having flat feet, which can cause your knee to twist inward when you pivot or jump
  • Having weak quadriceps (the muscles at the front of your thighs)

Recommended Exercise

Knee

What are the treatments for ACL Tear?

Treatment for an ACL tear depends on the severity of your injury. There are three grades of ACL tears: Grade 1, Grade 2, and Grade 3. The grade of your tear determines how much damage has occurred to your ligament.

Grade 1 ACL tears are less severe than Grade 2 or 3 tears. They may not require surgery, but they can still lead to other problems if not treated properly.

Grade 2 ACL tears are more severe than Grade 1 tears and often require surgery to repair them fully. You’ll likely need to wear an external brace for several months after surgery until you regain full range of motion in your knee joint again with physical therapy exercises alone (without any other treatments).

Grade 3 ACL tears are the most severe type of injury that can occur due to this type of sports-related accident because there’s so much damage done to both sides of your knee joint where it connects with these two bones mentioned above (femur/tibia).

What are the exercises for ACL Tear?

Exercises for an ACL tear are typically focused on increasing the strength of your quadriceps (the muscles in your upper leg) and hamstring muscles (the muscles in your lower leg).

Quad sets

Squats are also great exercises for strengthening your knees, and they can be especially helpful after an ACL tear.

Lie on your back with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Push one leg up toward the ceiling. Hold for 5 seconds, then slowly lower it down. Repeat this motion 10 times with each leg.

Straight-leg raises

Straight-leg raises is another exercise that can help strengthen your quadriceps and prevent injury.

Lie on your back with knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Raise one leg straight up toward the ceiling, hold for 5 seconds, then lower it down slowly. Repeat this motion 10 times with each leg.

Heel slides

This is a great exercise to work on balance and stability. It helps you learn how to move without putting pressure on your knee joint.

Just stand on one foot, then slide your foot down like you’re trying to touch the ground with the ball of your foot. Repeat this about 20 times, then switch feet.

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Knee

What brace is used for ACL Tear?

If you have an ACL tear, there are a few options for treatment. The knee brace you choose will depend on the type of injury you suffered, and your personal preferences.

Hinged Knee Support

A hinged knee support is designed to stabilize the knee joint while also allowing for movement. This is the most commonly used brace for ACL tears, especially if you want to continue participating in sports or other physical activities that require strong knee stability.

Patella Tracking Knee Brace

A patella tracking brace is used when there is patellar maltracking or patellar dislocation that occurs as a result of weak quadriceps muscles or faulty mechanics within the knee joint itself. This type of brace may be used in conjunction with other devices such as an ACL Tear Strap.

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