Achilles Tendon Tear

Achilles Tendon Tear

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Achilles Tendon Tear

Foot

What is Achilles Tendon Tear?

Achilles tendon tear is a condition in which the Achilles tendon is torn. The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel bone and allows you to lift your heel off the ground. It can be painful, but it’s not always serious.

This condition, also known as Achilles rupture or Achilles tendinopathy, occurs when an injury or overuse damages or tears one of these strong fibrous bands. A sudden injury may also cause tendonitis, which can be treated with rest and medication.

What are the types of Achilles Tendon Tear?

Achilles tendon tears can be acute or chronic. An acute tear occurs suddenly, and is often the result of an accident or injury. A chronic tear develops over time, usually as a result of repetitive motion.

The Achilles tendon connects your calf muscle to your heel bone, which allows you to move your ankle and flex your foot.

Acute Achilles rupture

An acute Achilles tendon rupture occurs when the tendon snaps suddenly. The most common cause of this type of tendon rupture is sudden impact on the heel while playing sports, such as basketball or soccer.

Chronic Achilles tendinitis

Chronic Achilles tendinitis is caused by repetitive movements over times that put stress on the Achilles tendon and cause it to become inflamed and painful. This condition is more common in athletes who participate in running and jumping sports such as tennis or basketball because they have a higher risk for developing tendinitis due to their high level of activity compared with other people who do not exercise regularly (such as office workers).

What are the causes of Achilles Tendon Tear?

Achilles tendon tear most commonly occurs in sports that require jumping or quick movements such as running or playing basketball. It can also occur during other activities such as walking up the stairs or even sitting down for long periods of time.

The main cause of this injury is overuse of the Achilles tendon. The most common causes for this condition include:

  • Excessive running or jumping on hard surfaces without proper stretching before exercise
  • Wearing high heels for long periods of time without proper support for your feet/ankles
  • Running on hard surfaces
  • Walking or running on uneven ground
  • Ankle fractures or sprains
  • Poor footwear that doesn’t provide enough support or cushion
  • A sudden change in speed during an activity (like sprinting)

What are the symptoms of Achilles Tendon Tear?

The symptoms of an Achilles tendon tear include:

  • Pain in the heel area – The pain is usually at its worst when you first wake up in the morning. It will ease as the day goes on, but it will not go away completely.
  • A feeling that your foot is “giving way” – This can be caused by weakness in your calf muscles, which support your foot while walking or running.
  • Swelling around the heel – This may be visible or felt only under pressure when pressing on the affected area with your fingers.
  • Tenderness when pressing on the back of your heel during a physical examination.

What are the risk factors for Achilles Tendon Tear?

The most common cause of Achilles tendon tears is overuse—the more you run, jump, or use your legs in any way, the more likely it is that you’ll tear your Achilles tendon. This is especially true if you’re not used to running or jumping at all.

Other risk factors include:

Age – People between 40 and 60 years old are most likely to sustain an Achilles tendon tear.

Gender – Men are more likely than women to sustain an Achilles tendon tear, but this may be because men tend to participate in sports that require more running and jumping than women do.

Heel Pain – If you experience heel pain before an Achilles tendon tear occurs, it’s more likely to happen–but don’t worry! It’s still possible for someone without heel pain to sustain an Achilles tendon tear as well.

Recommended Exercise

Foot

What are the exercises for Achilles Tendon Tear?

If you have a torn Achilles tendon, you may need surgery to repair it. Until then, here are some exercises that can help:

1. Walking

Start by walking on flat ground for five minutes without any shoes or socks on. Gradually build up the amount of time you walk each day until you’re able to walk for 15 minutes at a time without any pain in your Achilles tendon.

2. Squats

Stand with your feet shoulder-width apart, squat down as though sitting in an imaginary chair, then stand back up again. Repeat this exercise 10 times every day until you can do it easily without pain in your Achilles tendon.

3. Heel Raises

Stand with one foot on a step or platform and raise that heel up off the surface by about 2 inches (5 cm) while keeping all other parts of your body still; then lower it back down again slowly until both heels are flat on the surface once more before repeating with that same foot again so that there’s no rest between repetitions for either leg!

What are the treatments for Achilles Tendon Tear?

There are several treatment options for Achilles tendon tear. Here’s what you need to know:

1. Resting the leg

This is the most important part of treating an Achilles tendon tear. If you don’t rest your leg, it could take longer to heal, or you might have a higher risk of having a repeat tear.

2. Physical therapy

Your doctor may prescribe physical therapy to help with muscle strengthening and range of motion in your ankle and foot, as well as overall strength training for your body.

3. Braces and taping

Your doctor may recommend taping or wearing a brace to help support your foot while it heals from an Achilles tendon tear.

4. Cortisone injection

Cortisone injections can provide relief from pain and inflammation associated with an Achilles tendon tear by reducing swelling in the area where your tendon was injured

Explanation of Recommended Orthotic Device

Back

What brace is used for Achilles Tendon Tear?

An ankle brace can be helpful for someone who has an Achilles tendon tear.

Ankle braces are designed to provide support and stability to your ankle, which can help you maintain the strength and mobility of your foot during recovery.

The brace will usually be worn for about six weeks after you’ve had surgery on your Achilles tendon.

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